History Of Dravida Kazhagam

2802 Words12 Pages
Table of Contents Introduction 2 Evolution of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam from the Dravida Kazhagam 5 Assembly Elections and the rise of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam to power 8 The changing nature of electoral pursuits of the DMK post AIADMK’s formation 9 The Tamil Eelam movement and its relevance for the DMK 10 Status of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam in the Tamil politics of today 11 Introduction The political history of South India intertwines at odd ends with the one of the North. In 1944, North India transited from the Quit India movement to the Gandhi-Jinnah talks on Pakistan. South India on the other hand raged with a ‘quit India’ movement of its own. The emergence of anti-Hindi, anti-North sentiments ruled the roster and virtually paralleled the anti-British notions. Leading the front was the Dravida Kazhagam (DK) (Dravidian Federation), a metamorphosis of the Justice Party under E V Ramasamy Naicker. (Hardgrave Jr, 1965) While the ‘grand old party’ of India is undoubtedly the Indian National Congress (INC) owing to its legacy, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (Dravidian Progressive Association) deserves this title in Tamil Nadu. This notion is proposed despite DK, the DMK’s parent organisation still being active within Tamil Nadu. While the DK abstained from electoral pursuits, the DMK adopted the Indian electoral system and capitalised on the need for a political Tamil voice within the country. Right from its’ inception, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) was perceived as a party which had eliminating the Hindi language from Tamil Nadu as a prime agenda. The birth of the DMK on September 17, 1949 was accompanied with future General Secretary C N Annadurai stating that ‘linguistic imperialism’ has been established b... ... middle of paper ... ... communications exposure.” DK strongholds in Tanjore District and the Congress strongholds in the rural areas were uncaptured by the DMK. (Robert L Hardgrave Jr, 1964-1965) Fortunes of the DMK also shined after the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 came in force. The Act redistributed territories of erstwhile Madras along linguistic lines. The state of Kerala and territories of Andhra Pradesh were carved out of the Madras. Changing the approach towards wooing the voters, the DMK contested the elections on “basic economic issues” and the “plight of underdeveloped South.” (Robert L Hardgrave Jr, 1964-1965) Annadurai death Kamaraj Congress split Karunanidhi and MGR The changing nature of electoral pursuits of the DMK post ADMK’s formation The Tamil Eelam movement and its relevance for the DMK Status of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam in the Tamil politics of today

More about History Of Dravida Kazhagam

Open Document