History And Procedures of Gene Therapy

explanatory Essay
1810 words
1810 words

The History And Procedures of Gene Therapy

Abstract: Over the course of history there has been the idea of gene therapy has inspired many great scientists. The history of eugenics is important to the history of gene therapy because it is how gene therapy originated. Eugenics has driven many people to take extreme measures to try and make a “better human race”, this includes the Nazi party and the movement in the 1930’s inspired by Francis Galton. After that, research in eugenics continued and the human genome project sprung from the minds of scientists. After the inspiration of the human genome project scientists developed theories that gene therapy is possible. After a series of experiments that then failed, scientists were discouraged and the future of gene therapy is now being doubted.

Gene therapy is an idea that has fascinated humans and scientists for centuries. Gene therapy theoretically can allow scientists to change the human genome and peoples DNA. Ideally, scientists wish to replace “bad genes” in your DNA that can potentially hurt you with good genes that will help you avoid any genetic ailment. In fact, all that scientists really want to accomplish is to replace our natural genes with unnatural ones. The idea and concept of gene therapy is not new to human history. On the contrary, gene therapy is a concept that has been fascinating the minds of many scientists and researchers over the span of many centuries.

Although the idea of genes was first born during the times of Plato, the concept of gene therapy wasn’t really born until the late 1900’s. Mr. Francis Galton, who is the younger first cousin of Charles Darwin, had the idea that the human race could be improved according to the method of selective breeding....

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...The Last 80 Years in Primary Immunodeficiency: How Far Have We Come, How Far Need We Go” Shearer, William & Fischer, Alain Department of Pediatrics and Immunology, Baylor College of Medicine, and the Department of Allergy and Immunology. February 9, 2006. Accessed June 17.

United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of

Emergency and Remedial Response. This Is Superfund .

Jan. 2000. 16 Aug. 2002 superfund/whatissf/sfguide.htm>. Lyon, Jeff & Corner, Peter. Altered Fates: Gene Therapy and the Retooling of Human Life. W. W. Norton & Company Inc. New York, New York. P. 1995.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that eugenics is important to the history of gene therapy because it is how it originated.
  • Explains that gene therapy is an idea that has fascinated humans and scientists for centuries. it allows scientists to change the human genome and people's dna.
  • Explains that although the idea of genes was first born during plato, the concept of gene therapy wasn't really born until the late 1900's.
  • Explains that eugenics became popular among the upper class and middle-class whites in the united states, britain, and germany. they wanted to rid their society of "blight" by setting up a breeding program that excluded genes that could cause violent behaviors and conditions.
  • Explains that eugenics was used for less than good intentions during the reign of adolph hitler. they hoped to eliminate color and make just one completely caucasian race.
  • Explains that recombinant dna is the material in an organism that regulates how that organisms body functions. it is made up of amino acids, sugars and phosphates.
  • Explains that recombinant dna is the basis of gene therapy, which is taking a piece of dna and replacing, inserting, or extracting another piece.
  • Narrates how robert sinsheimer and charles delisis collaborated on the human genome project in the 1980s.
  • Explains delisis' plan for a five-year doe human genome program that would include mapping, development of automated high-speed sequencing technologies, and research into computer analysis of sequencing data.
  • Explains that several countries in europe were gathering momentum researching the human genome during 1987-1988. scientists were convinced that the project was the key to understanding life.
  • Explains that the human genome project was established to analyze human dna and understand what the dna codes for and what results from that coding.
  • Opines that scientists have done many experiments hoping for success, but have been disappointed about the progress that has been made in using gene therapy for medical reasons.
  • Opines that the fda declared that gene therapy was too dangerous to pursue without extensive security and safety issues.
  • Concludes that gene therapy has been misunderstood and even given a bad name, due to mistreatment by nazi parties during world war ii and the holocaust. curiosity on the subject of eugenics and dna led to the human genome project.
  • Opines that gene therapy is the cure to never getting sick again and the ultimate medical treatment, but there have been some discouraging outcomes and disappointment considering the subject.
  • Explains that boy’s cancer prompts fda to halt gene therapy.
  • Explains shearer, william & fischer, alain department of pediatrics and immunology, baylor college of medicine, and the department
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