Historical Origins of Poverty in Bangladesh

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Bangladesh’s independence from Pakistan in 1971 marked the beginning of a new era of history for the Bangali nation. Modernization will prove especially difficult because of the high level of poverty, population, and illiteracy caused by centuries of foreign rule and oppression (O’Donnell 1). To better understand the socioeconomic factors complicating modernization, an in-depth analysis of Bangladesh history in relation to geography, culture, and economics might prove beneficial. This essay will also synthesize information from various sources and provide an ethical discussion of societal injustice caused by British and Pakistani colonization. The long history of Bangladesh can be divided into four periods: Early History (1000 B.C. – 1206 A.D.), Mughal Rule (1206 A.D. – 1600 A.D.), British Rule (1600 A.D. – 1947), and the Current Era (1947 – Present) (Shrestha, 205). A common theme of conquest and subjugation unites these periods and provides insight into Bangladesh’s current state of affairs. The Early History of Bangladesh is characterized by empire control, namely that of the Mauryan, Gupta, Harsha, Pala, and Sena empires. The Mughal or Islamic rule started in 1202 with the Turkish conquest. During this period, especially during the 1500s and 1600s, Bangladesh was drained of its resources to maintain the Mughal army (Shrestha, 200). Despite the exhaustive consumption of resources by the military, the inevitable decline of the Mughal Empire started by the 1600s and allowed for increased British influence. Under the supervision of the East India Trading Company, British authority eventually spread across India. By 1764, the British defeated the Moghul emperor and took control of present day Bangladesh without popular support. ... ... middle of paper ... ...ic prosperity to the destitute and impoverished. The hard problems that face Bangladesh, and developing nations like it, remind us that there is a long way to go before global solidarity can be achieved. The success of these nations depends on the continued global commitment to fight societal injustice and to ensure a more equitable distribution of wealth for all. Works Cited "Demographics of Bangladesh." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. 24 June 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Bangladesh#Population_Density Johnson, B. L. C. Bangladesh. London: Heinemann Educational, 1975. Novak, James J. Bangladesh: Reflections on the Water. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1993. O'Donnell, Peter. Bangladesh: Biography of a Muslim Nation. Boulder: Westview, 1984. Shrestha, Nanda R. Nepal and Bangladesh: A Global Studies Handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2002.
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