When there is a divide in economics in a society people strive for equality and we see this happen through revolutions. The bourgeoisie in a capitalist society are the ruling class that owns the means of production and exploits the lower working class. The elite of the two classes are the capitalists, manufactures, bankers and the proletariat class are the laborers. In a society like this there is a lot of class conflict because of the divisions people suffer from. Marx's goal was to eventually eliminate the two classes and that way everyone will be equal and there would be no class struggles.
Also Engels and Marx argued about the exploitation of working class and the interests of the capitalists that affect proletarian. The alienation of man is another reason for Marx to be against capitalism that make human beings denied their true nature. Since old times there was the division of classes, where Marx and Engels opposed to it, because in capitalist societies lead to unequal division of income and welfare. In modern capitalist societies, the critiques of Marx still seems to be relevant, as there is the division of classes and the unequal share and welfare exist until now most seen in countries such as Britain or United States. Marx view in the capitalist society is that capitalism is an economic system where production is done on by employees working with several means of production which belong to their employer.
For instance, developing from preindustrial societies such as hunters and gatherers into modern industrial societies based on capitalism. A capitalist economy is defined as an economic system based on private ownership of capital. I believe that capitalism as a way of thinking that is fundamentally individualistic; that the individual is the center of capitalist endeavors and should be free to pursue their own interests. Thus individuals that are pursuing their own interests will guarantee the interests of society as a whole, which is the complete opposite to the hunter and gathering societies. Capitalism is problematic due to its bourgeoisie and proletariat association that produces a class system.
Marxism is based on the political, economic and social theories of Karl Marx. His belief that the social class struggle had a major impact in history and that society should move towards a system where there are no classes. Marx believed that people are free, creative beings who have the potential to transform the world. He criticized the free market as being unregulated. Marx maintained that the market economy is coordinated through spontaneous purchase dictated by supply and demand.
Weber describes the routinization of capitalism by stating, “The Puritan wanted to work in a calling; we are forced to do so” (1905: 123). When an economic system becomes routinized, the worker has difficulty seeing an alternative to his present situation. As a result, routinization impedes class consciousness and the desire for revolution because it causes capitalism and the inequality it entails to appear normative. Similar to Weber, Simmel also explores social forces that Marx’s economically centered theories fail to consider. Marx focuses solely on macro-level structures and disregards the role that individual agency might play in social and economic life.
Marx envisioned a society creating a sense of commune and trust working together as a whole instead of separate entities. In The Communist Manifesto (CM), Marx and Engels write that “the bourgeoisie, historically, has played a most revolutionary part” (475). This phrase is sarcastic towards the idea as the bourgeoisie (working class) role is not of provoking revolutionary struggle, but rather creating conditions suitable for working class revolution. Marx writes that, with capitalism, “Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other: Bourgeoisie and Proletariat” (CM, 474). The bourgeoisie’s role in production, and thus revolution, exists in terms of both Marx’s concepts of the base and the superstructure.
This is a novel that displays the differentiation between the Bourgeois and the Proletariat. Class relationships are defined by an era's means of production. Marx’s contradictions the position that capitalism is the unsurpassed system of economics. The only tactic that could create a successful change is if the proletariat takes some initiative and brings an end to the two distinct classes. Only then will the proletariat attain equality socially, politically and economically.
In the Communist Manifesto, by Karl Marx, it brings up the pressing issues against the bourgeois and the proletariats. One issue that brought up the cause of a revolution is how the bourgeois benefit more than the proletariat in labour, basically creating a working class. The proletariats want a society that has total and complete equality, no one higher and no one lower. The bourgeois have oppressed the working class to a type of class that is ultimately killing them slowly. The Communist Manifesto calls up a revolution from the ideas it portrays, and the ideology it displays.
In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx challenges the capitalist society and gives his solution to it. Marx takes a standing on capitalism with his book, The Communist Manifesto and displays his view of the problems of the society and how to fix them. Marx gives his critiques of capitalism and in a plethora of ways. Some of these critiques are the exploitation of the working man due to the greed of the ruling class and the working class becomes like slaves to their bourgeoisie masters. Marx also gives solutions to the problem, he makes the statement that capitalism needs to be worked and run as a whole not worked by the many and run by the few.
Marx is not concerned with the ideas of individual workers, but about their position in society. He sought to explain how the law operates as a means of repression, while promoting the interests of certain classes, most likely the bourgeoisie, at the expense of the rest of society, the proletariat. The division of society into two separate classes and capitalism are interlinked, one cannot function to the best of its ability without the other, but it is not without its problems. The repressive mechanisms of the law and the capitalist system has brought about serious challenges to the existence of the role, the power, and the