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Historical History Of Music History

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Music history, referred to as historical musicology, is a sub-discipline of musicology that studies music from a historical point of view. Typically, music majors across the country study history from Donald Grout’s seminal work, The History of Western Music (Peter Burkolder is the current editor), which discusses the elements of music, various forms of music, musical analysis, the different periods of music, and a plethora of western composers who have made important contributions. After the Baroque period came the Classical period. The Classical period in music is characterized best by the achievements of the masters of the Viennese School which include Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and their successor Franz Schubert. The music of the Viennese masters is notable for its elegant, lyrical melodies. These composers practiced their art form in a time of great musical experimentation and discovery. In this period of experimentation and discovery was created many music genres. This new period saw the introduction of form, the development of the modern concerto, symphony, sonata, trio and quartet to a new peak of structural and expressive improvement. Out of all these guys, It was Haydn’s historic role to help perfect the new instrumental music of the late eighteenth century. His tense, angular themes lent themselves readily to motivic development. Also in his symphonies was his expansion of the orchestra’s size and resources through greater emphasis on the brass, clarinets and persussion. This is why he is given the title, “Father of the Symphony.”
There was nothing extraordinary about his beginnings. Haydn was born in 1732 in the little Austrian village of Rohrau. His parents ranked high by Rohray standards. Haydn’s father was a wheelw...

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...ation, a paean of praise to God the Father who had filled the world with such an infinity of marvels. The libretto of The Creation was derived from Milton’s Paradise Lost. Haydn spent the better part of two years on the work. The manuscripts shows more traces of correction and revision than any of his earlier compositions. All his unquestioning faith, all his irrepressible joy in the miracle of the created world were poured into this work.
Haydn said, “I was never so devout as when I was at work on The Creation…….I fell on my knees every day and begged God to give me strength to accomplish the work successfully.”

The work was first presented in Vienna in April 1798, with Haydn conducting, amid such popular excitement that a squadron of mounted guards was needed to keep order at the doors. For those present, it must surely have been the experience of a lifetime.
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