Such a bomb was more powerful and destructive than any ever known to man. After FDR died on April 12, 1945, the decision to drop the bomb was left in the hands of the new president, Harry S. Truman. On July 25, 1945, President Truman gave the order to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. Twelve days later, an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, exploding with the force of 15,000 tons of TNT and reaching 5400 degrees Fahrenheit instantly (Gup 80). Six days later, Nagasaki was hit with a second atomic bomb.
With multiple chances from the United States to surrender in the war and rejecting each one, the Japanese set themselves up for disaster. On August 6, 1945 the course of history was changed. Two atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima, and three days later, August 9, 1945, on Nagasaki that ended World War II. Japan had already been a defeated nation from conventional bombs and World War II. Many innocent lives were lost, psychological scars were left on the lives of the bomb survivors, and thus many lives were changed forever.
The Morality of the U.S. Bombing Hiroshima On August 6 and 9, 1945, the only atomic bombs ever used in warfare were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The mass destruction and numerous deaths caused by those bombs ultimately put an end to World War II. Was this the only way to end the war, however? Could this killing of innocent Japanese citizens had been avoided and the war still ended quickly.
On August 6th, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima without any precedent. The explosion viciously destroyed four square miles of the city and killed 90,000 and injured 40,000. (Weber, “Was Hiroshima Necessary?”) Three days later, a second atomic bomb stroked the city of Nagasaki which killed approximately 37,000 people and injured 43,000 (Weber, “Was Hiroshima Necessary?”). These actions of the United States still remain controversial today and the United States’ abuse of power and morality can be questioned. ‘Were the dropping of atomic bombs in the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki a justified way to end World War Two?’.
- Lifton, Robert J., and Greg Mitchell. Hiroshima in America. New York: Grosset/Putnam, 1995. - The Atom Bomb. http://www.mv.u-net.com/ (16 October 1999).
“The Pacific War Companion” From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima. Osprey Publishing, 2005. Stimson, Henry L. "The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb." ["Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb"]. Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb, 8/1/2017, p. 1.
Now, with a new President, Harry Truman, the pressure to use the bomb was too great to be denied. On August 6th, 1945 an American bomber, the Enola Gay, dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima. More than 80,000 people died on impact, and tens and thousands later on. Two days later Russia entered the war against Japan and invaded Manchuria, but still Japan did not ask for peace. That is why three days after the first bomb was dropped; another was aimed at Nagasaki killing thousands more.
"HyperWar: USSBS: The Effects of Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki." iBliblio.org. United States Government Printing Office, 1946. Web. 08 Jan. 2014.
In September of 1951, Japan signed the Treaty of San Francisco which officially ended the tensions between itself and the United States. However before then, in August of 1945, the United States built two atomic bombs called Little Boy and Fat Man; but, they did not truly know the horrific and disastrous effects that these weapons were capable of (“The Avalon Project”). On August 6th and 9th 1945, the United States dropped these two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities: Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Little Boy and Fat Man detonated approximately 500-600 feet above the ground and caused a massive impact on Japan that are almost too horrific to describe (“The Avalon Project”). The outcome of the bombing had forced Japan to surrender the war in order to save the rest of their country from more bombings.