While there are many similarities in both religions, they each contrast each other in many ways as well. Buddhism is a nontheistic religion, meaning that practitioners of the Buddhist religion do not recognize or worship a God. Instead, practicing Buddhists follow the teachings of a man named Siddhartha Gautama, who is more commonly known as Buddha. The term “Buddha” can be translated to mean “the awakened one”. Buddha’s followers recognize his as the enlightened teacher who would be able to help them let go of human wants, desires and ignorance to the goal of reaching a state of nirvana.
Question 3: Comparing Buddhist Nirvana with Hindu Moksha Nirvana is a word that is commonly used in Buddhism with varied meanings depending on the use. It means the state of blowing out from certain detractors in life. To “blow out” has great meaning and refers wholly to the extinguishing or dispelling of oneself from certain characters that are considered to be iniquitous. It is characterized by peace of mind and it saves man from the sufferings, the cycles of rebirth, and death. Nirvana could only be achieved by individuals who observed the laid down rules and detached themselves from sin.
Both Hinduism and Buddhism are concerning the suffering of individuals and try to signal a path to self-awakening for people. Both Hinduism and Buddhism believe in reincarnation, which is a natural part of the world. The final objectives, either moksha or Nirvana, are similar to each other, that is being perfectly peaceful, understanding all things, and being liberated from the chain of reincarnations. In Hinduism, common people and individuals who are born into low-rank castes would find and achieve moksha much harder than upper-castes, such as Brahimin, simply because of their base hierarchy. However, Buddhism rejects the caste system and the privileges of the Brahmin priests.
The aim of meditation is to achieve the realization that our true nature is nothing less than the Buddha nature. The above analysis thus shows that a number of similarities and differences can be found in Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism. Both these forms however have one thing in common – the transitory nature of human life, as we know it. Although in our hearts we may long for eternity, the unavoidable fact is that we are only temporary beings and true spirituality begins with acknowledging that. References Ch’en, Kenneth KS.
Hinduists believe in re-incarnation after death. While many religions view the existence of an afterlife in a positive manner, the same cannot be said for this religion as they see it as a failure to reach enlightenment. As Yama stated in The Katha Upanishad, “If a man fail to attain Brahman before he casts off his body, he must again put on a body in the world of created things.” Yama stated that there are two parts of every human being: our Atman and our apparent self. Our Atman is basically our soul, and since it is of Brahman, it is everlasting. Our apparent self is what many perceive to be their identity, but is really the reason for our suffering.
Nirvana is a state of being perfect, ending the process of reincarnation and beginning re-birth. There is a significant difference in the way Buddhist and Hindus view re-birth. The Buddhist believe in re-birth meaning that neither the soul nor the person gets transferred, while Hindus believe in reincarnation where the soul would travel from one body to another (the same person but in different bodies). However both believe in Samsara along with their views on suffering and that everyone will even... ... middle of paper ... ... governing different aspects of Hindu everyday life. The three main gods in Hinduism are Vishnu who is the sustainer; Brahma is the creator and Shiva the destroyer.
Buddhism is a unique religion that bestows upon its members that their actions accumulate karma and too much bad karma leads to rebirth. A person reaches Nirvana (also known as heaven) when achieving enlightenment and is no longer subjected to rebirth. Buddhism also believes there is no one almighty god, but rather many gods, which they refer to as deities. Dharma is commonly known as the sacred teachings of a deity. The Buddha is only born in certain situations that members are in need of re-teaching the Dharma.
Buddha is just a man, a mortal being who could face suffering like we can. The Buddha is therefore, not to be worshipped, only followed as he shows his guidance, and a teacher as he shows us the path of enlightenment. We have no God, but just bliss, illusion, and absolute real... ... middle of paper ... ...n countries condemn acts of homosexuality, but western cultures like America, American Buddhists accept homosexuality. Divorce is not common in Buddhism, but is not denied either. As conventional as the religion itself, so are the roles of the spouse as the women are the caretakers and the men work to support the family.
When it comes to Gods, the Buddha did not have a lot to say about them and highly discouraged the devotion to them. (Brodd 2016). Rather than spending all of their time and effort worshipping God’s in hope of reaching nirvana, Buddhists spend their time meditating, reading the teachings of the Buddha, and reflecting to reach nirvana (Brodd 2016). There are two major types of Buddhism that Buddhists follow. The first one is Theravada Buddhism which is defined as “the way of the elders” (Brodd et al.
He emerged from his self-imposed seclusion and became Buddha. (139) Buddha is not god, but simply a man who became enlightened. He taught that all individuals have the potential to seek the truth on their own. According to Buddhist teacher Bhikkhu Bodki, “For the Buddha, the key to liberation is mental purity and correct understanding, and for this reason he rejects the notion that we gain salvation by learning from an external source.” External source mean, “betake yourself to no external refuge. Work out your own salvation with diligence” and “You are your own refuge; there is no other refuse.” (141) Buddhism concerned with humanism and the art of living daily life rather than with supernatural authority or even metaphysical conjectures.