Sanaa, a religion major in Islamic studies, started wearing a full hijab since graduating high school. Before she became a full hijabi, she used to cover her hair outside of school, but not in school. She argues that Hijab is necessary because it protects women from unwanted advances, but more importantly it cultivates God-consciousness. She also argues that hijab is more than just wearing a cloth on the head; it is being modest in comportment and manner as well. Furthermore, she says that she doesn’t find fault in women who choose not to conceal their, but behave with modesty and dignity; often times these women behave better than “hijabis.” Tazeen, a mother of two teenagers and a child, argues that the hijab is important because it is commanded by Allah and is obligatory for Muslim women to wear the head covering.
In the Islamic faith, Muslim women are required to dress modestly by God. In the Qur’an, God speaks directly to all Muslim women and says “...guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornment (The Qur’an 24:31)”. Muslim women have to wear a hijab, or a head covering, when they are in public places and when they are around men who are not close relatives. In fact, countries like Saudi Arabia and Qatar have a mandatory dress code enforced. Muslim women in these countries have to wear a hijab and an abaya, or a full-length, loose fitting garment on top of their clothes.
It is time they realized they have much common ground” by Arzu Merali, the author points out what feminists have assumed of Muslim women. “The Islamic Human Rights Commission receives case after case of employers and educators using this image of the downtrodden Muslim woman to excuse discrimination. Muslim women are denied many opportunities on the assumption that they will- if not on a whim then by force- get married, or have many children. Or they face the horrendous dilemma of having to choose between employment and their Islamic garb.” We are not prepared to enter a discussion on Muslim women if we do not understand that our stereotypical images are not accurate. The purpose of this project is to bring light to the facts of Islam, of women, and of the Qur'an.
Mahmood explains her 2 years of “field work” experience and also critically analyzes Islam women in the Islamic culture after 9/11.The second part of the book focuses on the ethics, autonomy, and piety of the women in this culture. Throughout the entire book Mahmood references Foucault which I found really interesting showing his influence and ideals from his own research. The main idea I think Mahmood is trying to get across is stated in the epilogue of Politics of Piety: “…This attempt at comprehension offers the slim hope in this embattled and imperious climate, one in which feminist politics runs the danger of being reduced to a rhetorical display of the placard of Islam’s abuses, that analysis as a mode of conversation, rather than mastery, can yield a vision of coexistence that does not require making others life worlds extinct or provisional.” (Mahmood, 2005, p.199) In retrospect I found that Politics of Piety relates to the concepts of gender and the law, legal pluralism, and finally autonomy and self-determination that we learned throughout the semester. Gender and law are a big part of Politics and Piety. The women’s supposed role to gain any autonomy in this movement need to be subordinate to their female virtues in order for them to gain a more public role in their political and religious life.
Hijab: The most important Dress code of Muslim women and girl! "O children of Adam, We have brought down to you garments to cover your private parts, as well as for adornment, yet the garment of reverence is the best. These are some of God's signs, perhaps they will remember.” (7:2) Introduction: Why does Muslim women/girl have to cover their heads? This question is one which is asked by Muslim and Non-Muslim alike. For many women’s/girls it is a truest test of being a Muslim.
Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving? Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving by Lila Abu-Lughod describes Western feminist beliefs on Muslim women and their burqa/veil and how focusing on these misconceptions are doing far more harm than good. This causes Western feminists reduce the culture and beliefs of Muslim women down to a single piece of clothing. The burqa is a type of veil worn by Muslim women for a number of reasons such as proprietary and signaling their relationship with God. The burqa is often seen a symbol of suppression amongst the Western world and it was expected for women to throw it off in a show of independence once liberated from the Taliban.
I am going to attempt to study the tradition of veiling in regards to modesty of the female body, putting special emphasis on the new development of feminist notions within the Islamic framework, and will attempt to understand why there is such a clash between the West’s feminist ideology, and the Muslim role of women. It must be noted however, that the amount of external influences on modern thought as well as the personal concept of faith means that it is virtually impossible to give a conclusive answer as to why the concept of female modesty in controversial in debates on gender rights. I am going to look at why the West may see the hijab as a sign of oppression of women using anthropologist Mary Douglas’ theory of cultural boundaries. I will then show that self-identifying Muslim women have only just begun to provide new readings of the Quran to re-justify the veil within the Muslim faith. Muslim behavior flows from the basic concept of hay’a, or modesty .
The burqa and veil were recognized in France as a conflicting uniform against the French ways of “preserving the republic and its democratic and secular tradition.”(Graff). They addressed the issue by first intervening in the school systems in 2004. That year, the Secularity law had been passed with a vote of 276 to 20 ”It bans the wearing of Muslim hijabs, Sikh's head coverings, large Christian crosses or crucifixes, Jewish yarmulkes, etc” (NEWS OF RELIGIOUS CONFLICT & INTOLERANCE) in public schools. Furthermore in 2011, France banned the complete public use of... ... middle of paper ... ... 1 Feb. 2004. Web.
Within the Middle East, the largest population of the men and women are Muslim. The Muslim religion suggests that women wear a veil or hijab, which is a head scarf that only exposes a woman’s eyes, accompanied by a burqa which is a full body cloak. The sole purpose of the clothing is to cover a woman’s feminine features from men’s eyes. The Qur’an, an Islamic scripture, supports and slightly obligates the uniform by saying that women are to be conservative, “let them wear their head covering over their bosoms, and not display their ornaments.” (Qur’an). It could be inferred that women wear the burqa and veil willingly because of their geographical location.
Bianca Frazier once said “Dress how you want to be addressed.” With this quote she was suggesting that the way people dress effects how other people approach them. People from different cultures dress differently and have different beliefs in what is acceptable and what is not. In the Islamic culture, women beyond the age of puberty are required to wear what is known as the hijab, in public. Hijab is worn differently in different parts of the Islamic society, but the main parts associated with the hijab are the headscarf, the abaya, and the niqqab. The way the outsiders and the insiders view the Islamic dress code for women in the Islamic culture is very different.