Abstract. Falling from height is one of the major causes of fatalities in construction industry. The advancement and recent deployment of various sensing and mobile computing technologies on construction jobsite has provided an opportunity to achieve an autonomous safety monitoring system to prevent falling from height and hence improve safety performance of the industry. This paper presents the preliminary result of the first stage of the research on our envisioned autonomous safety monitoring system. In the paper, the authors defined the dynamic safe working zone model and its parameter determination.
Failure emanating from engineering problems can be rare, occasional, or frequent. Reasons for its Creation The reason for the creation of the position of a safety manager in engineering is to reduce the frequency of occurrence of failures and to ensure that the consequences of failures do not threaten life or property (Leveson, 2011). The process of safety engineering begins during the early phases of designing a system. Safety managers are charged with the duty of considering, the likely undesirable events that can occur, the conditions that can trigger the occurrence, and to project the accident risk that can be expected from such an occurrence. They then specify the safety mitigation requirements that should be implemented.
I: 3: Causes of workplace accidents There are different attitudes towards the causes of workplace accidents. Accidents are mainly the results of some personal and professional causes. In fact, workers must primarily be aware of the type of risks and the causes of danger that may be found in the workplace. Personal causes can be classified into unsafe behaviors or acts and lack
These risks may not only harm the people involved with the project but also others who are not, such as a passerby, pedestrians, car drivers, motorcyclist and more. These risks can lead to serious injury or even fatality if they’re ignored. Having such risks present while the construction is in progress can be very dangerous. Dangers like this should not... ... middle of paper ... ...ogical into a real working design. Defect in workmanship -This risk is very common in the construction industry and is still present to this current day.
There are 3 reasons of why the failure does occur. Equipment Failure Maintenance is any kinds of activities that used for prevention or anticipation before the failure. Maintenance is done because it would effect the lifetime of the system itself. Improperly maintenance both the time and performed can aggravate problems such as decreasing the profits and the error occurs on faulty parts and the maintainer itself. In the workplace, the machine that used for production should be maintaining regularly to prevent any workplace hazards such as accidents and health problem.
With today’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration, (OSHA) regulations along with today’s technology on fall protection, why do we continue to see and hear about falls in the construction industry that leads to injury and/or loss of life? By OSHA’s statistics it is the primary cause of fatalities in the construction industry with approximately 300,000 of those resulting in injuries, (Wallace, 2010). Prevention techniques have been developed in order to deter falls and keep workers from being injured or cause a fatality. But fall accidents continue for different reasons such as, the lack of priority or enforcement by supervision and/or not knowing the regulation. We also see this if they don’t take the time to analyze the hazard in
If OSHA id not notified within the allotted time frame of the accident, then the employer can be subject to a huge fine for withholding pertinent, required information from OSHA. OSHA wants to be notified of the sever accidents, so they can come in and do a thorough site visit to determine what went wrong and what the company needs to do to fix the issue in oreder to ensure no other employee will get hurt performing the same task. OSHA is just trying to implement the most safe work environment and when a serious accident occurs, they have set specific guidelines for the employer to report the
Both of these points are linked to inflicting harm to the employer or the office or company. According to a hadith of the Prophet, inflicting harm to others is not allowed. • Why Ethics are important for an engineer: Engineering is one of the important majors. Engineers are design, build and provide different solutions that serve the community. We know that engineering profession can affect public safety.
2.1 Introduction Understanding how accidents occur is important to establish strategies to prevent their occurrence (Hinze, Devenport, & Giang, 2006). In an attempt to solve the factors of the occupational accident, many previous studies have tried to develop an accident causation models, which is important to work as a body of knowledge in the safety and health field which could predict and prevent the accidents. Among the famous accident causation model includes Domino theory, Management-based theories, Multiple causation model, Human error models and many others. From the accident causation models, the factors contributing to the occupational accident will be identified to form a theoretical background to this study and will be strengthened
Accident in the workplace is largely caused by lack of management control. Nowadays, people often think about ‘safety is expensive’. But then, try an accident. What price should be tag? It is must not be forgotten that there are pros and cons to this situation.