Abstract: High school football in the state of Texas has become out of control. The sport is no longer played for the sake of the school but rather has become a Friday night ritual to these small towns in Texas. The players are no longer just high school kids inter acting in school sports but have now become heroes to these small town communities. Communities simply no longer support their local high school team but rally in pride of their hometown rivalry against another team. School administrators and coaches no longer are teachers and mentors for the kids but are the equivalent to what in professional football are team owners and "real coaches". Parents have become agents and sacrifice their jobs and homes so that their child may play for the right team. Finally the fans, the fans have lost the sense that it is just a high school sport and changed the game to a level of professional sports. I plan to prove and show that for all these reasons Texas high school football has become out of control. It is no longer the game that it was originally meant to be. High school football. Is it still just a relatively harmless school activity played amongst students in high school or has the tide turned and the game become out of control? In the state of Texas the game has taken a turn for the worse. Coaches threaten to kill players and use physical force in punishing them. The game is no longer what was simply a sport to entertain the students when pursuing academics. Chartered 727's for away games. Homes repainted in team colors. Parents relocating so their child can have the best "football" school. The game is not what is use to be and in small towns across the state of Texas a Friday night ritual has chang... ... middle of paper ... ...e reasons are evidence enough to say safely "High school football in Texas is out of control." Works Cited 1. Bissinger, H.G. Friday night lights: A town, a team, and a dream. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1990. 2. Eitzen, Stanley D. Sport in contemporary society. New York, NY: Worth Publishers, 2001. 3. Maccormack, John. "Without Permian, playoffs have eerie feeling." TAAS (1997): C10. 4. Stoeltje, Melissa Fletcher. "Football players are high school celebrities; Pursuing Photo." AP (2000): Sports News. 5. Layden, Tim. "Friday night fever." Newsday (1993): 20. 6. Buchanan, Olin. "The sign says it all, y'al l At almost any Texas high school, football game." AAS (1999):C1. 7. Kurland, Bob. "Fiendish football coaches give new meaning to evil." TR (1990): D09. 8. Pennington, Bill. "Making sport of education." TR (1990): D01
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Mack Woodfox, a high school varsity football player, was once “hit helmet-to-helmet from the side of his face, stumbled over, and had his ears ringing and eyes blacking out a little bit,” (Calkins). This player-to-player contact resulted in a concussion, which caused Woodfox to miss weeks of school and practice. Much debate has arisen on whether high schools should eliminate football due to the heavy publicity covering injuries and deaths related to the dangerous sport. In regards to these reports, the school board should not continue to allow football in local high schools because of the prevalence of concussions, concerns with financial costs, and a hindrance to academic success.
Are young children putting their health and even their lives at risk if they partake in the sport of football? Some claim that the American sport is far too dangerous and the risk of concussions and injuries far outway the pros of the physical sport, while others insist that technological improvements and new regulations have made the sport safer. Jonathan Zimmerman, a professor of history and education at New York University, argues in his paper, “We Must Stop Risking the Health of Young Football Players,” that football is a sport that is too dangerous for the youth. He states his belief that technological improvements in helmets and changes in the rules of the sport have had little effect on reducing injuries and that nothing has worked.
This conclusion was not an original idea, but was something that he had learned from the Houyhnhnms. That idea was the inferiority and the disgust of the Yahoos. Admittedly, Gulliver was similar to the Yahoos, but that problem was quickly solved. Actually, one of the first things that he and the Houyhnhnms learned was that Gulliver both resembled and vastly differed from the Yahoos. Gulliver was hairless and clothed when compared to his savage counterparts [Swift, 245]. Additionally, Gulliver seemed more intelligent than the Yahoos with an awareness of situation. The Yahoos, in contrast, were illiterate with no established form of communication [Swift, 241]. The Houyhnhnms realized that the two were different when this hairless Yahoo did not eat raw flesh when presented with it [Swift, 245]. From that point on, the native society took in Gulliver and began to cultivate his reasoning. Once Gulliver had set himself apart from the Yahoos, he quickly began to criticize them. After spending enough time with the Houyhnhnms and observing the Yahoos for himself, Gulliver believed that they really were as disgusting as the Houyhnhnms thought. Soon, he detested the Yahoos just as the Houyhnhnms did. He knew that he was superior to the Yahoos in various ways. However his ignorance was short lived. This was until he was bathing in the river and a female Yahoo in the river attempted to seduce him (272). This moved him to the conclusion, “the females had a natural propensity to me as one of their own species.”( 272) Such a disgusting realization, that he may have some correlation to these filthy animals, changed his life. It was not the sheer repulsion of the Yahoos but their comparability to humans. The Houyhnhnms also figured this as well. They came to the conclusion that the humans that Gulliver described were not very far from
Another topic she writes about is how women just sit and complain about how their men put them down, mi...
To someone that identifies as a Houyhnhnm and lives only with a pair of horses. His descent into insanity is marked by the views he is exposed to on his travels, and his new view that the Anglican views he grew up with were barbaric rather than how he felt at the beginning of the novel, where anything that was Anglican was considered barbaric by him. Gulliver’s view as an outsider, especially of that of an outsider hailing from a country that, at the time, attempted to colonize and anglicize the rest of the world allow for Swift to write a satirical novel on human nature and our views of cultures and people that are foreign to our own, and eventually serves to question the sane versus the insane and the moral versus immoral people that he comes into contact with on his
 Alighieri, Dante. The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri: Inferno. Trans. Allen Mandelbaum. Notes Allen Mandelbaum and Gabriel Marruzzo. New York: Bantam Books, 1980
This review is on The Divine Comedy, written by Dante Alighieri in 1306 - 21. The time period is in the 1300’s. Dante often used his knowledge of the present to predict future events. The book is divided into 3 sections: Inferno (hell), Purgatorio (purgatory), and Paradiso (heaven). Each one of these sections is divided into 33 cantos (except Inferno, which has 34 cantos), which are written in tercets (groups of 3 lines). The number 3 in Dante's time was significant because it was considered holy.
Football is a sport that is ingrained into American society. Across the United States, football is more than just a game, it is a representation of its followers’ values. In recent years, football has become increasingly criticized. A majority of this criticism arises from the high risk of head injuries while playing football. However, there is another sect of the population that criticizes football at its foundation. They claim that the game creates a barbaric and dehumanizing spectacle of violence. Supporters of football, on the other hand, argue that, without football, the values that America holds dear will cease to exist. This conflict is prominent in the landscape of the sporting world in modern America. Regardless of one’s position in the argument, there are serious
Swift never became attached to anyone in his life, saying as he was never married and he was never close to his parents. This is accurately portrayed by the fact that Gulliver had a wife and family, but he never relied on them. Gulliver made a decision that he wanted to stay with the Houyhnhnms instead of returning to his family. Continually, Swift was a politician and an avid writer as well as a religious man. On the contrary, Gulliver was a profound adventurer and sailor, whose religion, or lack thereof, is never mentioned in the
The gravamen, the essence of Swift’s charge against the human race has been directly described by Gulliver in houyhhnhnms land. He told the master that in his world ‘ some people are undone by the lawsuits, others spend all their money in drinking, whoring and gambling and many commit such crimes as treason, murder, theft, robbery, perjury, forgery, coining false money, rape and sodomy. ‘ Gulliver explains that these crimes show the effects of the human desire for power and riches, of lust, of malice and of envy. There is no doubt that Swift’s outburst has merit and he is true to a great extent. But it is difficult to agree hundred percent with him because all human beings are not guilty of such crimes as stated by Gulliver. After all, there are several good persons also amongst human beings.
"Inferno," written in 1314 by Dante Alighieri, was the first canticle of the "Divine Comedy." Dante called it a comedy both because of its happy ending and its style, "which lies between that of the tragedy and that of the elegy."(Vossler, 665) Although most respected writers of the time wrote in Latin, Dante wrote the "Divine Comedy" in the vernacular Italian language so that the common man could read it. The fact that this masterpiece was written in the vernacular helped elevate Italian as the written language of their new age. From the misery and corruption surrounding him in his beloved Florence, he wrote the comedy because he wished to show the path to goodness, the salvation of the human soul "guided by both reason and divine grace."(Vossler, 665) Dante intended the work to be read on three levels: literal, allegorical, and moral. The work was structurally written in eleven syllable lines grouped in threes to make interlocking tercets. The rhyme scheme that he created f!or this is called "terza rima"(Vossler, 664), which forms the words in the pattern aba-bcb-cdc-ded and so on.
To conclude, Ciardi's translation of Dante's Divine Comedy is superior the other English attempts. He uses modern, easy-to-understand diction while preserving both the original Italian word choice and the terza rima rhyme scheme. Unlike Sayers, his translation is not `ruled' by the difficult pattern. In the last stanza, following terza rima in English would have been very difficult. Instead of `forcing' his translation to be totally conformant, he instead opts to preserve readability by eliminating the need to rhyme `trembling' (tremante) and `more (further)' (avante). His result was a beautiful passage: "the tremor of his kiss/...we read no further." Ciardi's mix of the original rhyme scheme, modern language, and sonorous, passionate diction makes his translation of The Divine Comedy superior to all others.
Swift’s indirect masks of anti-colonialisms lays underneath a character who supports colonialism greatly. By outlining what would be seen in his time as inadequate cultures through the Houyhnhnms and the Yahoos, Swift makes a general play on both sides of the natural human spectrum. Gulliver falls in the middle wanting no part of the yahoos, in which he is more similar to, and wanting to educate and assimilate to the Houyhnhnms. Swift’s complexity of anti-colonial references mock many of the morals used by the people of his time.
The corruption throughout England was out of hand from being large at stake, to being very minor and personal things. Because politics, religion, science and people were surrounding Jonathan Swift corrupted, he had to have a sort of “mouthpiece” to let his opinions all out. He did so by writing a fictional book called Gulliver’s Travels using the main character Gulliver as a weapon of satirization. In Gulliver 's Travels, Swift intended to satirize the ailing British society.