High Cost of Urban Sprawl

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Urban Sprawl is an intricate concept that is mostly known as low density, automobile dependent development beyond the edge of employment and services zones. This type of development is ubiquitous in the United States since the end of World War II. Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl has raised immense number of concerns in various areas, such as: environmental impacts, loss of farmland, traffic problems, urban decline, taxpayer subsidy, loss of community, housing, as well as some unspecific concerns. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate in depth the major reasons that make urban sprawl exorbitant in the aforementioned areas. Environmental Impacts of sprawl United States is facing an environmental disaster, losing farmland, green space, and vital ecosystems due to suburban sprawl. It can be said that if urban area grows arithmetically, the environmental problems due to urban growth increase exponentially. Urban sprawl cause more paved surface which create runoff during rainstorm. This runoff picks up oil, chemicals, and gravel from the pavement and grass. These chemicals would usually be filtered out of the water through the ground or even they might run off into streams. Likewise, algae blooms would be the possible result of fertilizer from the yard that run off into the streams. The algae blooms reduce O2 in the water, killing the fish. Similarly, the water supply for the towns would get contaminated. Moreover, more pavements cause less infiltration for groundwater. Land subsidence is another problem that these areas might face. As the demand or the groundwater increases as a result of urban sprawl, more void in the aquifer would be created. The land compresses, causing flooding issues, cracking of foundations. San... ... middle of paper ... ...ur F. Ulfarsson. "Urban Sprawl and the Cost of Public Services." Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 30.4 (2003): 503-22. Print. Fan, David P., David N. Bengston, Robert S. Potts, and Edward G. Goetz. "USDA." United States Department of Agriculture. USDA, 15 Dec. 2004. Web. 08 Oct. 2011. . Frumkin, H. "Urban Sprawl and Public Health*1." Public Health Reports 117.3 (2002): 201-17. Print. Lopez, R. "Urban Sprawl and Risk for Being Overweight or Obese." American Journal of Public Health 94.9 (2004): 1574-579. Print. Gray, David. "The Intensive Highway System." Eastern Michigan University. EMU, 5 Apr. 2005. Web. 08 Oct. 2011. Woodbury, C. "Impact of Urban Sprawl on Housing and Community Development."American Journal of Public Health 50.3 Pt 1 (1960): 357-63. Print>.
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