The President of the United States is the head of the Executive branch. The President appoints heads of Federal agencies, such as the Cabinet. Article II of the Constitution states that the President executes the laws created by Congress and also enforces the laws created by Congress. The President has the power to negotiate and sign treaties, the power to grant pardons for Federal crimes. The Vice President and the Cabinet are also a part of the Executive branch.
Of the various different articles seated in the constitution, three of them describe a system of checks and balances dividing the national government into three branches. This is also called separation of powers (Beatty, Samuelson, Bredeson 57). Article I refers to the legislative branch and creates the Congress, who is in charge of making laws. Congress is divided into two houses, The House of Representatives, which is created to have equal ratio of the particular states population, and the Senate. Each state has two senators regardless of its population.
The Three Branches of the Federal Government There are three branches of the federal government, the executive, the judicial, and the legislative. The executive branch consists of such people as the president, the cabinet, and the executive offices of the president. The executive branch is known for enforcing laws created by the legislative branch. The judicial branch entails the United States Supreme Court and the Federal Judiciary. The judicial branch must review the laws the executive branch is to enforce.
By contrast, the Executive power the president propose bills to Congress, he enforces federal laws, he is Commander in Chief of the armed forces, and with the approval of the Senate, the president defines treaties and appoints federal judges, ambassadors and other members of the secretariats of the Executive branch (Department of Defense, Commerce, Justice, State, etc.). Each head of a secretariat and all of them form a Council called Cabinet. The Vice-President, elected from the same political party of the president, serves as president of the Senate and in the case of death or incapacity of the president he assumes the Presidency until the end of the
The United States government consists of three main branches: the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. Within the contents of this essay, the judicial branch will be examined. The judicial branch of the United States government oversees justice throughout the country by expounding and applying laws by means of a court system.1 This system functions by hearing and determining the legality of such cases.2 Sitting at the top of the United States court system is the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court of the United States encompasses the federal judiciary, explicitly the judicial branch. This court is comprised of life-long serving Justices who are selected by the President of the United States and approved by the Senate.3 Cooperatively, the Supreme Court, the President, and Congress attempt to work in accord to run the three-pronged government of the United States.
Their primary goal is to interpret and decide the constitutionality of federal law. As stated previously from Section 1 of Article 3 of the Constitution about the establishment of the Supreme Court and creation of the lower federal courts, the combination of these court systems represents the original Framer’s compromise to establish a national court and allow state courts to exercise jurisdiction in disputes falling under federal law. Works Cited AShmoop Editorial Team. "Constitution FAQ." Shmoop.com.
The courts established under the powers granted by Article III, Sections 1 and 2, of the Constitution are known as constitutional courts. Judges of constitutional courts are appointed for life by the president with the approval of the Senate. These courts are the district courts, tribunals of general original jurisdiction; the courts of appeals (before 1948, circuit courts of appeals), exercising appellate jurisdiction over the district courts; and the Supreme Court. A district court functions in each of the more than 90 federal judicial districts and in the District of Columbia. A court of appeals functions in each of the 11 federal judicial circuits and in the District of Columbia; there is also a more specialized court with nationwide jurisdiction known as the court of appeals for the federal circuit.
HIERARCHY OF THE UNITED STATES DUAL COURT SYSTEM In United States, there is a dual court system. The dual court system is divided into Federal Courts and State Courts. Each hears different type of cases; neither is completely different of the other. The Constitution of the United States gives powers to the federal courts and reserves the rest for the state. FEDERAL COURTS SYSTEM The Federal Courts system handles legal issues expressly.
It is divided by the three branches, legislative, executive and judicial powers. This created the system of checks and balances. Within each of the braches consist members; The Legislative power is through Congress, the Executive power is with the President and Judicial power is the Supreme Court. Each branch has their own duties that will cycle throughout each other. One branch may do one thing, while the other can override it.
Federalism is just another word for a federal system of government, which means that the government is distributed into two main divisions; federal or national government responsible for the country as a whole and several state governments. Where each division has powers in certain areas and also share responsibility in other parts. For example, The United States is a federalist country, it contains both state and national government, the state government is accountable for laws of marriage, education, drinking alcohol, and etc. and the national government has the power to declare war, provide military, coin money, and more. Some of the shared responsibilities are like collecting taxes, instituting courts, borrowing money, and beyond.