Hereditary Spherocytosis

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Every one in two thousand people are diagnosed with hereditary spherocytosis. This rare blood disorder is of the Northern European ancestry. The prevalence of hereditary spherocytosis in people of other ethnic backgrounds is unknown (Government). This disease should be detected in early childhood, but in some rare cases it can go undetected for years or never be detected at all. Hereditary spherocytosis not only affects the red blood cells but the spleen as well. It only takes one abnormal gene for a child to have the disease for the rest of his or her life. The disease is a reoccurring cycle, and this rare blood disorder is rare to the minds that do not have the disease, and to the minds that have not studied the disease. Although there is no definite cure a splenectomy will help maintain the disease. The million dollar question is “What is hereditary spherocytosis and is there a cure?” Hereditary spherocytosis is a disorder in the membrane of a red blood cell that causes the red blood cell to be shaped like spheres, instead of flat discs (Wint Carmella). When red blood cells start out they are shaped like flat discs. Over time when passing through the spleen pieces of the membrane are removed, causing the red blood cells to become round in shape, hence the term Spherocytosis (Seattle Childrens). When red blood cells enter the spleen the cells undergo hemolysis. Hemolysis in hereditary spherocytosis results in the interplay of an intact spleen and an intrinsic membrane protein defect (Medscape). The breakdown of red blood cells is called hemolytic anemia (Wint Carmella). A normal red blood cell can live up to one hundred and twenty days. A red blood cell with the membrane defect might live ten to thirty days. When the child d... ... middle of paper ... ...oms that come along with it. There is a possibility that the disease will be transmitted to the offspring of the infected person. Having a splenectmomy conducted will not cure the disease it will only make it go into remission. Works Cited Gonzales Gus. “Hereditary Spherocytosis.” http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/206107- overview. January 10, 2012. November 19, 2013 http://grh.nlm.nih.gov/condition/hereditary-spherocytosis/. Hereditary Spherocytosis. November 18, 2013 http://www.seattlechildrens.org/medical-conditions/heart-blood-conditions/hereditary -spherocytosis-symptoms/. Hereditary Spherocytosis. November 18, 2013 Tim Kenney. "http://www.patient,co.uk/health/hereditary-spherocytosis. htm#.21/02.12. November 14, 2013 Wint Carmella. "Hereditary Spherocytosis." http://www/healthline.com/health/congenital -spherocytic-anemia. November 12, 2013

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