Liver failure from chronic hepatitis C is one of the most common causes of liver transplants in the United States. Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver’s cells and tissues caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Hepatitis C virus is blood-borne, which means it is spread through blood and blood products (Grady). After the discovery of hepatitis A virus in 1973 and hepatitis B in 1963, any cases of acute or chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis without identifiable causes were placed into the category of non-A non-B (NANB) hepatitis(Palmer108) . In 1989, a major breakthrough regarding this mysterious and intriguing disease occurred, the hepatitis C virus was identified.
These include hepatitis A, B, and C. These three types of hepatitis cause the most concern to medical staff due to their ability to spread and cause outbreaks. “Hepatitis A is a contagious liver disease that results from infection with the Hepatitis A virus.” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) It can range from acute to chronic. An individual can become infected with hepatitis A if they eat or drink food or water that has been contaminated with the virus. Some common “sources of vitamin A include shellfish, fruits, vegetables, ice and water”. (U.S. National Library of Medicine.
Usually 55 to 85 percent of people who have hepatitis C will be infected with the chronic Hepatitis C. Hepatitis C turns on the immune system. The immune system fights very hard to get rid of this virus. But it is very difficult for the immune system to eliminate this virus. UT Southwestern scientists say RIG-I and LGP2 turn on and off the immune response to Hepatitis C. RIG-I and LGP2 are two proteins that are part of the immune system in the body to kill the virus that has infected the body. RIG-I makes the body generate an immune response when a virus enters.
In my opinion the most important prevention is to practice safe sex, and making sure new or sterile... ... middle of paper ... ...ally ill at birth. Hepatitis B could be could be a big problem for many people because it is so highly contagious, and because it is such a hardy virus that can survive for a long period of time. We know yet because of all the vaccines that are now available, people should take full advantage of these opportunities to protect themselves and health. In closure to the topic of Hepatitis B, I strongly feel that if people were more cautious about their own behavior, and the situations they are in this wouldn't be up for discussion in opinion. If everyone did their part by getting the vaccine, and by being more cautious in their everyday lives, then maybe we could virtually stop the spread of this harmful virus.
Introduction: Hepatitis is caused by a virus that is targeted at the liver, one of your most important organs!! Specifically, it causes inflammation and injury to the liver. Hepatitis comes in many different forms, five to be exact. There is Hepatitis A, B, C, D & E. Hepatitis is caused mainly by viruses, all of which are set on shutting down your liver. I will be specifically concentrating on Hepatitis A in this report.
Symptoms for Hepatitis include the following: “jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, fever, loss of appetite, and dark urine” these symptoms range from moderate to being very severe (Viral Hepatitis). When you begin to experience such symptoms it is very important to schedule a blood test with a doctor to get a diagnostic. This blood test will either identify hepatitis A antibodies or will come back negative. When diagnosed doctors will be able to help treat you and kick the virus out of your system. Hepatitis A can be treated/ prevented with a protein call gamma ... ... middle of paper ... ... in the United States.
He believed that these develop chronic liver disease has high percentage leading to cirrhosis and possible hepatocellular carcinoma. 4- Causes of Hepatitis C There are many causes and factor lead to infection. Some of that in public places like barbershop and hospital. [Suzanne & Brenda , 2000] believed that, the most causes of hepatitis C in United States are transfusion of blood... ... middle of paper ... ...g on options for care and treatment. • Immunization with the hepatitis A and B vaccines to prevent congestion from these hepatitis viruses to protect their liver.
Hepatitis is the inflammation or swelling of the liver. The inflammation can happen from different injuries or viral forms of a disease. People who experience hepatitis have the symptoms of malaise, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, fever and jaundice. There are six known forms of Hepatitis which are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis D, Hepatitis E and Hepatitis G. The presence of hepatitis in the body can be very risky and cause severe death if not taken care of. Hepatitis is a severe issue that affect many people around the world like third world countries and cross contamination can occur mainly in health care places due to the exposure of patients with the disease and accidents handling blood or instruments, Hepatitis A,B,C,D,E and G are distinct diseases that differ in transmission and vaccines to prevent them or cure them.
The herpes viruses can do this over and over again. They hide in nerve tissue until prompted to erupt leaving painful ulcers as host tissue is destroyed. Human papilloma virus—HPV--causes genital warts and predisposes its victims to cervical cancer. Likewise, hepatitis viruses, especially hepatitis C can leave a patient vulnerable to liver cancer. Other cancers in humans are also known to be caused by viruses.
Drug-induced hepatitis is a common disease that affects patients taking certain type of medications. The presentation of these patients include jaundice, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting.3 This case report will describe a middle aged gentleman with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) and Hepatitis C who had just started on Highly Active AntiRetroviral Therapy (HAART) and had been rechallenged with antituberculosis drugs (anti-TB) who presented with signs of liver failure. This case highlights that there may be many factors that might cause the hepatotoxicity and we should know how to exclude which drug that might cause it and all other AIDS related complications. Introduction In patients with HIV, abnormal levels of liver enzymes are common and this might be due to multiple factors such as medication toxicity and coinfections with other liver disease. There are evidence that chronic viral hepatitis (hepatitis B or C) is associated with increased risk of antiretroviral-associated hepatotoxicity.7 As chronic viral hepatitis has a high prevalence in patients with HIV, clinicians should assess the risk of development of hepatotoxicity in these patients whenever HAART is initiated.7 Introduction of HAART has led to significant reductions in mortality and morbidity associated with HIV infection.