Hemifacial Microsomia: A Briefing

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Hemifacial Microsomia

Everyone has experienced some type of disorder in their lives, whether they are personally affected or maybe a family member or a friend has it. Hemifacial Microsomia is a congenital disease that impacts that individual’s life and those who surround them physically, mentally and emotionally. There are a variety of services that can be provided to those individuals so that they can reach the best quality of life possible.

We know that there are other facial abnormalities out there but what a lot of people don’t realize is that hemifacial microsomia is a lot more common than we realized.

“Hemifacial microsomia is the second most common developmental craniofacial anomaly after cleft lip and palate… the occurrence of the hemifacial microsomia is between 1 in 3000 and 1 in 5600 births. Males are more frequently affected than females and the right side is affected more often then the left” (Ullal, Mahale, & Paudel, 2008).

These statistics prove how often this disorder presents itself in populations. In the website www.seattlechildrens.org, it informs us that hemifacial microsomia can be called by other names such as “first and second branchial arch syndrome, otomandibular dysostosis, oculo-auriculo-vertebral sequence, facio-auriculo vertebral syndrome, Goldenhar syndrome and lateral facial dysplasia”. Either way they all represent the same disorder. The usual characteristics are facial deformities, which can affect the jaw, the ears and the mandible. “The tissues that are typically affected include the condyle and ramus of the mandible, zygomatic arch, malar bone, external ear, middle ear ossicles, temporal bone, and muscles of facial expression” (Werler, et. A., 2010). These deformities may affect the indi...

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Hanus, S. H., Bernstein, N. R., Kapp, K. A, (Jan 1981). Immigrants into Society: Children with Craniofacial Anomalities. Clinical Pedriatics, 20(37). Retreived from http://0-cpj.sagepub.com.source.unco.edu/content/20/1/37.full.pdf+html

Ullal, S., Mahale, A., Paudel, K. (Dec 2008). Hemifacial Microsomia. Indian Journal of otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, 60(4). Retrieved from http://0-link.springer.com.source.unco.edu/article/10.1007%2Fs12070-008-0122-x#

Werler, M. M., Starr, J. R, Cloonan, Y. K., Speltz, M. L. (March 2010) Hemifacial microsomia: From gestation to childhood. J Craniofac Surg. Author manuscript. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2791372/

http://www.seattlechildrens.org/medical-conditions/chromosomal-genetic-conditions/hemifacial-microsomia/

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