People could relate to these feelings, which made blues a type of music t... ... middle of paper ... ..., depressing sound of grunge began to take over. Grunge started the “Goth” craze which is still noticed today although not as much. The 90’s were different than all of the other decades of rock and roll but definitely respected and remembered. Rock and roll has slowly faded out in the 2000’s, but rock is not dead. There are still old bands touring and new bands trying to change the music culture today.
Some new bands were starting to form and made heavy metal music rather than basic rock music. In the 1970’s, rock music becomes a big business. Rock music become more progressive and went from hard rock, to progressive rock, to heavy metal. Led Zeppelin, David Bowie, Saturday Night Fever, Bruce Springsteen, and The Sex Pistols were the most popular during the 70’s. Led Zeppelin was an English heavy metal band formed in London, England in 1968.
Bill Haley officially made the new genre “rock” music when his song “(Were Gonna) Rock Around the Clock” appeared in the movie Blackboard Jungle in 1955, breaking rock into the mainstream (Kallen, 2012, 14). Although Haley is credited for bringing rock to mainstream, other black artists such as B.B. King, Little Milton, Howling Wolf, and Ike Turner were the true pioneers of the rock music style but were not as popular because of their race. After the success of Haley, a Memphis studio owner, Sam Phillips was desperately looking for a rock artist that could become mainstream, Sam had previously recorded for other talented black artists but their music wasn’t getting as much attention because of racial prejudice. Phillips’ dream of promoting a rock musician became true when a young man named Elvis Presley recorded a demo in his studio in 1954 (Kallen, 2012, 18).
Heavy Metal Music: History and Misconceptions Heavy metal music has been a source of social controversy since its early beginnings. It started out as a new age form of rock. Heavy metal brought a new look and sound to rock. The early heavy metal musicians decided to tune their guitars down, increase the tempo, play guitars and drums faster, and get a more grungy sound. The musicians also decided to wear tight, ripped, black clothing, chains, spikes, and combat boots.
Heavy metal musicians amalgamated aspects of blues music with psychedelic rock to produce the signature sound of the genre. The influential British band Cream combined unison riffing popularized by blues musician Eric Clapton and his bass guitarist Jack Bruce, and the double bass drumming of blues rock drummer Ginger Baker to create a unique heavy sound that would later be emulated by various metal musicians (Charlton). Black Sabbath, widely regarded as the first heavy metal band, started out as a blues-jazz band and have said to be heavily influenced by blues music (Dunn). Black Sabbath popularized the use of the “blues scale”- the pentatonic scale - using it exclusively in their title song “Black Sabbath” (Huey). In addition, the guitar is the primary instrument in heavy metal music, an instrument that has its roots in African and Americ... ... middle of paper ... ...extreme themes such as Satanism, heavy metal music has managed to produce a product that is quite unique in the history of music.
Eric Clapton Eric Clapton is an innovative guitarist, basically the first to combine blues and rock, which in turn popularized blues. Because of his skill and ever- evolving style, his music is a lasting contribution in itself. Eric Clapton made his recording debut with The Yardbirds, the British group that also featured guitar virtuosos Jimmy Page and Jeff Beck. Together, they created a whole new blues/rock sound that many of the famous ‘60s and ‘70s bands copied. Clapton left The Yardbirds when he felt the band strayed too far from their blues roots towards pop music.
Some of the bands had taken this change to the extreme and actually defined heavy metal; such as, Black Sabbath, Judas Priest and Led Zeppelin. But, most of the bands continued to play hard rock, “The good time music”. The 1970’s were known as the expansion period of hard rock. By this time every rock band had made their music at least a little “heavier”, in order to remain “afloat” in the changing music industry. Throughout the early seventies the bands ... ... middle of paper ... ...order to stay “alive”; and if was to stop he would feel as if he had let down the world, and all the boys who were like himself.
“When the power of love overcomes the love of power the world will know peace,” said legendary American rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter. In the 1960’s Jimi Hendrix, along with many other musical artists, greatly influenced numerous people. His unorthodox method of playing and how well he played the guitar would become his trademark for many years to come. Arguably the greatest instrumentalist in the history of rock music, Hendrix expanded the range and vocabulary of the electric guitar and pioneered explosive possibilities of the instrument. His innovative style of combining fuzz, feedback, and controlled distortion created a new musical form.
As rock music continued its progression into the 1960... ... middle of paper ... ...ousness of the genre and the realization of the mortality of our favorite rock stars. The 80’s gave way to the greater popularity of punk and metal, and along came cultures sometimes characterized by black clothing, macabre imagery and interests in death, the occult, and the supernatural, and elaborate makeup. During the 90’s grunge, alternative, and hip-hop inspired fashion became popular with loose fitting clothing, tartan or plaid flannels, and the popularity of sneakers like Converse, Adidas, and Nikes. A common theme through all ages of rock is rebellion, and subsequently freedom. From Elvis to The Ramones to Nirvana, rock bands and artists have always pushed the envelope.
What band or musician fathered modern day heavy metal? There are two schools of thought on this subject. Jimi Hendrix deserves consideration; however, while he may be influential, he was a blues man backed by blues men. Cream also deserves to be considered; the first power trio, heavy jazz and blues influences moved them into the realm of progressive rock. Known for ear shattering live performances, The Who, were a bit too pop oriented to be considered heavy.