“Healthy People provides science-based, 10-year national objectives for improving the health of all Americans.” ( United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Healthy People 2020 , 2011). It acts as a national guide for disease prevention and health promotion. There are various objectives and goals which serve as the guideline to achieve overall improvement in health . ‘Educational and Community-Based Programs’ is one of them. According to U.S Department of Health and Human Services the main goal of these programs is to “Increase the quality, availability, and effectiveness of educational and community-based programs designed to prevent disease and injury, improve health, and enhance quality of life.” (HHS, Healthy People 2020, 2011). This particular goal of Healthy People 2020 focuses on increasing the number educational and community based programs to increase awareness about disease prevention and health among every individual of the society. It focuses on educating them on various topics including chronic diseases, substance abuse, prevention of injury and violence to encourage and enhance health. It emphasizes on increasing the quantity and quality of such programs so that a larger population could benefit from the program and gain effective knowledge to achieve a healthy life. Health status of an individual is influenced by the person himself his environment. Community based programs will make health education available outside traditional health care setting which is able to influence various units of the community including an individual , family or the community as a whole. An educational program organized in a community based setting such as school, worksite, health care facilities and the community it... ... middle of paper ... ...ulfill the goal of increasing the quality, availability, and effectiveness of educational and community-based programs designed to prevent disease and injury, improve health, and enhance quality of life. Works Cited Anderson, E.t. , & Mcfarlane, J. (2011). Community Analysis and Nursing Diagnosis. Community as partner: Theory and Practice in Nursing. (6 ed., pp. 170-214). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. United States Department of Health and Human Services, Healthy People 2020. (2011, June 29). Educational and Community-Based Programs. Retrieved March 12, 2014, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=11 United States Department of Health and Human Services, Healthy People 2020. (2011, June 29). About Healthy People. Retrieved March 12, 2014 from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/default.aspx
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Healthy People 2020 have over 1000 objectives; each objective has a reliable data foundation, a standard measure, and target for particular developments to be realized. While some healthy people 2020 objectives focus on larger issues such as, reducing health inequalities, adopting social elements of health, increasing access to high-quality healthcare, reinforcing public health services, and increasing the accessibility of health-related knowledge. Still, other Healthy People 2020 objectives focus on interventions to diminish diseases, eradicate disability, and prevent early death amongst individuals and societies (Healthy People 2020, 2014).
The six priority areas are listed as; healthier eating and active living, tobacco free living, reducing harmful alcohol and drug use, improving mental health, preventing violence and injury, and improving sexual and reproductive health. The backbone of the plan is to influence healthy living choices, developing from childhood, throughout life approaching old ages, leading to lessened risks of burden of disease (Department of Health,
The Healthy People 2020 (Healthy People 2020, 2014) is a nationwide program created by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to achieve objectives for promoting health and preventing diseases. Faith based communities may benefit tremendously in including these objectives in program planning. The main goal is for the American people to have long, healthy lives. The Healthy People 2020 program provides measurable objectives that can be applied down to the local level such as in faith based communities. These guidelines encourage high quality of life by being healthy, disease-free, accessible healthcare, and have an environment that promotes good health and wellbeing in all age levels.
...program of nationwide health-promotion and disease-prevention goals set by the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The goals and objectives of Healthy People 2020 was predicated on a health system accessible to all Americans that would integrate personal health care and population-based public health activities. The goals were first set in 1979, for the following decade. The goals were subsequently updated for Healthy People 2000, Healthy People 2010, and Healthy People 2020. Healthy People 2020 was developed through a broad consultation process, built on the best scientific knowledge, and designed to measure programs over time. It is composed of 467 specific objectives organized into 28 focus areas, as well as two overarching goals. The two goals are "increase quality and years of healthy life" and "eliminate health disparities".
In conclusion, we can agree from the above information that quality of life is significant in each of the goals discussed. However, the Healthy People 2020 goals and objectives must serve as a guide to boost national health promotion and disease prevention that will not only reduce disparities but also eliminate disparities. Both the federal and state governments, public and private health sectors will no doubt partner and focus in these objectives. It is, therefore, very imperative that necessary tools and strategic managements is used to focus on health equity to improve the health of all groups, create social and physical environment that promote good health, promote quality of life, healthy development and healthy behavior across life stages that will benefit all by the year 2020.
Given the magnitude of health costs, both financial and in terms of human suffering, it is essential that preventive interventions be developed and/or enhanced. Nurses, physicians, and other helping professionals are in a good position, by virtue of their training, to add to such preventive efforts. Health is defined as a condition of physical, mental, and social well being and the absence of disease or other abnormal condition. It is not a static condition; constant change and adaptation to stress result in homeostasis (Mosby's Medical and Nursing Dictionary, 1994 p. 742). The fact that we can improve our health and extend our lives by changing our behaviors (i.e., eating well, exercising, not smoking, and reducing stress) supports the incorporation of health education, and prevention programs into a broad variety of settings.
A community can be defined as a group of people, who live, learn, work and play in an environment at a given time. (Yiu, 2012, p.213) There are many factors that may influence the community’s development and health status. These can include resources available, accessibility, transportation, safety, community needs etc… These influences may combine together to form community strengths and as well as community challenges or weaknesses. As a community health care nurse, it is significant for us to assess and identify these strengths and challenges within the community in order for us to intervene and provide the appropriate needed health care services for the community members. This individual scholarly paper will explore and focus on one challenge issue identified from our group community assessment.
In the ongoing war to achieve better population health in the United States, there is a developing resource for Americans. Healthy People 2020 (HP 2020) is an extensive combined effort by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Federal Agencies, Public Stake Holders, and an Advisory Committee that utilizes the Social Determinants for Health as its framework, to aid the transformation of the United States to a society in which people live long and healthy lives. The HHS utilizes HP 2020 to seize a renewed focus in the identifying, measuring, tracking, and reducing health disparities via a determinant of health approach. HP 2020 is based on 4 previous Healthy People initiatives: 1979 Surgeon General’s Report, Healthy People: The Surgeon General’s Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention; Healthy People 1990: Promoting Health/Preventing Disease: Objectives for the Nation; Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives; and Healthy People 2010 (HP 2010): Objectives for Improving Health. The multiyear process that is HP 2020 reflects the input from a diverse group of organiza...
Healthy People 2020 is a program for the promotion of health and the prevention of diseases, launched by the Department of Health and Human Services in December 2010. According to healthypeople.gov, this program has four overarching goals which are first to achieve healthy, longer lives free of preventable diseases, injuries, and premature deaths; to achieve health fairness, eliminate differences, and improve all groups’ health; also to produce social and physical environments that encourage good health; and last but not least to promote life’s quality, healthy development, and healthy behaviors through all life stages. This program has a vision of a community where people live long, healthy lives. Healthy People 2020 offers a comprehensive set of 10 years of nationwide goals and objectives that is meant to improve the health of the American population. Healthy People 2020 covers 42 topic areas with approximately 600 objectives, which include 1,200 measures. A smaller set of Healthy People 2020 objectives, has been designated to communicate high-priority health issues and actions that can be taken to address them, this objectives are called Leading Health Indicators. The program goes above and beyond these health indicators in order to provide the best care for the people of this country. These indictors cover from the access of health service, nutrition, physical activity, and obesity to substance abuse, environmental quality, injury and violence.
For example the state of Florida has a new initiative titled “Healthiest Weight”. This initiative works to tackle obesity which is what they call, “the number one public health threat to Florida’s future ("HealthiestWeight")”. Another example of state health initiative is Oklahoma’s “Shape Your Future” program. This program tackles three different aspects; “eating better, moving more, and living tobacco free ("Shape Your Future")”. Through different community activities, contest, and media advertisements these programs are hoping to help improve the health of citizens throughout their respective states. The main objective that these programs are missing is preventing health issues before they become issues. This is why it’s crucial to begin initiatives at the most basic level and educate children through better physical education
According to Keogh (2014), health literacy is comprised of literacy, comprehension, and participation. When I think of health literacy I focus on a patient's capacity to read and understand printed materials. A requirement of all nurses in the hospital I work in is to hand out education about the admitting diagnosis at the bedside. Every patient receives information about their diagnosis, interventions, prevention, possible surgical procedures, and medications. Many times I noticed a lack of interest when I handed these papers to patients and I would tell them I would give them time to read it throughout the day and anwser questions they may have. Some would read it and ask appropriate questions, but I would say most did not. It was then that I became aware that a large percentage of people could not read or could not comprehend what they were
The purpose of this community profile is to discuss a particular health improvement issue within a chosen community. A community can be defined using many different terms. You can belong to a community through religious beliefs. Through shared experiences or interests. You can belong to a political community where all involved share the same political interests. A community can also be defined as ‘a family’ a small village where many have lived most of their lives who share the same desire to belong to that community.
An idea of a healthy community with a safe environment, accessibility to preventive health care services and screenings, education on health promotion that is stress-free and accessible and healthier grocery stores. Characteristics of a healthy community are ideas, activities, and resolutions derived from partnerships of diverse groups, regular self-evaluation that is part of the practice, which is the focus. A diversity of strategies, techniques, documents, and other resources would have to be executed to support and make a healthy community. If an individual 's knowledge of a healthy community is different from his or her belief then community strategy must be put in place in order to begin to achieve the goal of improving health. Community strategy must be supported by the individuals who are working together in order to be successful (Matthew, et al, 2001). In order for a strategy to become effective, a consistent plan should be created with achievable goals within a community. Also individuals that are strong, inspired, and truthful and determined should also carry out the