Healthy People Case Study

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It is no secret that the United States ranks poorly in health outcomes when compared to other industrialized nations. According to a report done by the Commonwealth Fund, the US ranks last among eleven industrialized nations, despite having the most expensive health system (Commonwealth 2014). One reason behind the poor health outcomes is due to various health disparities that primarily affect minority populations, namely people of color. However, what is interesting is that subgroups of minority populations experience health and health care differently than others considered to be in their minority group. One of the main goals of Healthy People 2010 was to eliminate health disparities among racial/ethnic groups. Dr. Kenneth Keppel from the…show more content…
Many studies provide insight on the disparities with various racial and ethnic groups. But this method is very generalizing and does not take into account the various ethnic groups within these populations and how their health may differ from another ethnic group that is considered a part of the race. For instance, Jamaicans, Africans, Haitians, and US-born black Americans are all often categorized under the phrase “African American” or “black non-Hispanic”. All of these groups while all considered to be black have different life experiences and environments even within the US which could greatly impact their individual health outcomes. Blendon et al. (2007), gives an example that “US-born African Americans have worse health outcomes than African Americans born outside of the United States.” This suggests that the environment that US-born African American women are having children in and the environment these children grow up in have direct negative effects on their health outcomes. Another example Blendon et al. (2007) gives is that within the Hispanic community, Cuban Americans tend to be closer to white people socioeconomically than they are to Puerto Ricans or Mexicans. This is very important because this difference in socioeconomic status (SES) might be skewing that health outcome data for Hispanics in America which could mean that their health is worse than current data on just Hispanics
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