Health of Gregor Samsa in Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka

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There are many classifications on whether a human being is healthy or not. There are also many branches of health, such as physical, mental, and environmental health. Health can be altered by the environment that a person lives within and the people he or she encounters. A person’s well-being can deteriorate not only from disease, but also from abuse and neglect. According to Kaiser Permanente, the definition of health is “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (Kaiser Permanente, 2011). Based on this definition, Gregor Samsa’s transformation in the novella The Metamorphosis is not healthy due to the neglect that he endures from his family and the changes he experiences from his drastic, physical change. Neglected and abused elderly patients within nursing facilities do not show complete well-being. They may not be affected by diseases or infections, but they are physically and mentally harmed by those who work as their caregiver. Caregivers may have negative attitudes towards those who have disabilities. Similar to Gregor’s family members, Grete and Mr. Samsa, they show extreme negative feelings and actions towards Gregor. According to American Psychological Association, caregivers can prevent abuse by education, shortened amount of time of care, social support, and counseling. These factors can prevent “violent, abuse, humiliating [and] neglectful behavior” towards these adults. When nursing staff are under a high-stress situation, they increase the risk of neglect and abuse due to frustration and anger. This will ultimately traumatize and disrupt the social well-being and health of elders. Gregor’s family shows many signs of abuse and neg... ... middle of paper ... ...." N.p., 2003. Web. 7 Apr. 2014. . "Elder Abuse & Neglect." Elder Abuse and Neglect: Warning Signs, Risk Factors, Prevention, Help. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2014. . "Elder Abuse and Neglect: In Search of Solutions." Http://www.apa.org. American Psychological Association, 2012. Web. 28 Apr. 2014. . Kafka, Franz. The Metamorphosis. Trans. David Wyllie. New York, NY: Bantam, 1986. Project Gutenberg EBook. 16 Aug. 2005. Web. 8 Apr. 2014. . Kaiser Permanente. Positively Healthy: The Power of Your Thoughts and Your Health. Kaiser Permanente. Kaiser Permanente Point West, Sacramento, CA. 2 Aug. 2011.
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