It is reported that an average of 82 children died per 1,000 live births in less developed countries last year, while the rate in more developed countries was 13 times smaller . Sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania are regions subject to the highest mortality rate around the world while India accounts for 22 percent of the global under-five deaths. In fact, only five countries have led to half of unde... ... middle of paper ... ...anine from a PKU-infected patient, specimens collected usually from blood with heel pricks within first six days of life are used for other inherited disorders as well, which is followed by a series diagnostic test including chromatographic methods, mass spectrometry, tandem mass spectrometric analysis and so on. The objectives of this project are to study several newborn diseases, compare and contrast various diagnoses for each of them, whilst providing some recommendations for general neonatal screening after an overview of such investigations. Since earlier diagnoses can help parents to make medical decisions, critical interventions are therefore possible to be performed for alleviating suffering and saving fetuses’ lives.
(WHO 2013c, 2013d) 2.3 Ethiopia The life expectancy at birth in Ethiopia is 59 years among men and 62 among women. As expected, there´s a notable contrast between Finland, United Kingdom and Ethiopia. The probapility of dying under five is worrying 68 per 1000 live births. The biggest causes of death among children under five are pseunomia (21%) and other diseases (18%). The probability of dying between 15 and 60 years is 306 among men and 265 among women (per 1000 population).
Obesity can be considered as an important early risk factor for much of adult morbidity and mortality (MASO, 2005). In 2008, there is 63% (36 million out of 57million) deaths were due to non-communicable diseases (NCDS). The four main NDCs are cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases. NCD deaths are estimated to rise by 15% globally in between 2010 to 2020(to 44 million deaths) . Africa, South-East Asia and the Eastern Mediterranea... ... middle of paper ... ...ve development.
Bangladesh is a south Asian country with the area of 147,570 km square and population of 157.2 million (world bank, 2015). It is one of the densely populated countries of the world. Bangladesh ranks 5th most populous country in Asia and 8th most populous country in the world. The poverty rate of Bangladesh is 18.1 percent. More than 28 million people in Bangladesh lives on less than 1.90 $ a day (World bank, 2010).
But, unfortunately it also has the world’s highest AIDS infection rate. Over one-third of Botswana’s people suffer from the disease. Although livestock employs seventy-five percent of the population, diamonds are its richest product. The population of Botswana is approximately one million five hundred and seventy-six thousand people. Primary languages spoke are English and Setswana.
Cambodia unfortunately, has the highest infant and under-five child mortality rate in the region, at 97 and 141 per 1,000 live births, with malnutrition being one of them (Unicef, 2003). Poverty as well, is really high in this country and many people are only surviving on less than one dollar a day. Therefore, it is important that we address this problem by focusing on creating better access to food and providing nutritious food at a lower price, having schools educate on a well-balanced healthy diet, and enhancing breastfeeding, sanitation and hygiene practices. Cambodia is a developing low income country that has a population of 14.86 million and a GDP of $14.04 billion. Cambodia has gone through an economic growth in the last decade lowering the poverty rate to 20.5 percent.
In terms of Disability-adjusted life years, 28.6 million DALYs were lost to CVD in India as early as 1990. Looking forward, India suffers the highest potential loss in productive years of life because of deaths of people 35-64 years old from CVD. While there was a loss of 9.2 million years in 2000, this loss is projected to increase to 17.9 million years in 2030, which is 940% greater than the parallel loss in the USA. This is a 95% increase in number of years of productive life lost to CVD in India compared to only 20% in the US. From a monetary standpoint, in 2005 alone, the WHO estimated that the loss of national income due to heart disease, stroke and diabetes (both risk factors for, and types of, CVD) was $9 billion for India.
The global under-five mortality rate declined by more than half, dropping from 90 to 43 deaths per 1000 live births between 1990 and 2015 (Cite UN). Between 2000 and 2013, measles vaccination helped prevent 15.6 million deaths. However, 16,000 children under-five still continue to die everyday from preventable causes, and the agenda for MDG4 is far from finished (cite UN). Since 1990, the maternal mortality ratio has been cut nearly in half. In 2014, skilled health personnel assisted more than 71% of births, which was an increase from 59% in 1990.
90% of HIV cases are discovered in developing countries and Uganda has the 7th highest number of HIV cases reported all over the world. This amounts to an estimated 1.4 million people, which includes approximately 190,000 children. In 2011 an estimated 62,000 people died from AIDS and 1.1 million children have been orphaned due to the virus. HIV is more common in women at 5.4 percent, compared to 2.4 percent prevalence rate amongst men. Developing countries such as Uganda have less money to support their basic necessities.
Despite the progress made in the nation’s implementation of a Nation Health Development Plan, Djibouti continues to face challenges and shows high rates of child and maternal mortality, high rates of noncommunicable diseases and communicable diseases ( WHO, 2013). According to The World Bank Djibouti’s health indicators are among the lowest in the world. Health Status Indicator: Life Expectancy An important indicator of the status of health in any country is the average life expectancy. the According to the CIA World Factbook, the average life expectancy of Djiboutians is 62.4 years (2014). This translates to 59.93 years for males and 64.94 years for females.