preview

Health

The World Health Organization’s (WHO) definition of the word health is “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". An individual can only function in his daily life, if he is healthy and physically as well as internally fit. It is important for a human being to maintain his body and take care of the factors that might affect him, either physically or internally. There are various factors that affect an individuals’ health, mostly they are social determinants than any other bodily causes. The major social determinants that affect a human being are housing, employment, education and income. Each of the mentioned factors also relate to inequality; how it happens and the factors will be discussed in the following paragraphs.
Social determinants affecting health are the states, in which people are born, grow, exist, function and grow old. These conditions are influenced by the circulation of money, power and reserves at international, nationwide and local stages. The social determinants that affect health are frequently liable for health inequalities which are the partial and unnecessary changes in health position seen in and among nations. The social determinants that will be discussed here are housing, employment, education and income.
Housing is the first factor of the social determinants affecting health. The relationship between housing conditions and physical and mental ill health has been analytically recognised through epidemiological studies. The association is, nonetheless, difficult encompassing of the contact of poverty, dissimilarity, entrance to housing and housing as an inner and exterior living situation. Features of housing that influence health out...

... middle of paper ...

...review of public health, 32, 381-98
Marmot, M., & Wilkinson, R. (Eds.)., 2009, Social determinants of health, Oxford University Press
Rosenberg, G., 2012, Social Determinants of Health, Connecting Social Welfare Policy to Fields of Practice, 159
Staley, K., 2009, Exploring Impact: Public involvement in NHS, public health and social care research, National Institute for Health Research
Twigg, J., Wolkowitz, C., Cohen, R. L., & Nettleton, S., 2011, Conceptualising body work in health and social care, Sociology of Health & Illness, 33(2), 171-188
Viner, R. M., Ozer, E. M., Denny, S., Marmot, M., Resnick, M., Fatusi, A., & Currie, C., 2012, Adolescence and the social determinants of health, The lancet, 379(9826), 1641-1652
Watt, R. G., 2012, Social determinants of oral health inequalities: implications for action, Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 40(s2), 44-48
Get Access