Introduction. Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) is the important aspect in the chemical process industries in order to ensure smooth operation without interruption. Companies have made an effort to reduce the risk due to the major loss in chemical process industries which related to human life, assets, company reputation, etc. through process risk management. In the current practice, risk reduction strategies can be divided into four categories i) inherent ii) passive iii) active iv) procedural.
In addition, there is need to concentrate on the monitoring systems around the area by use of GIS surveys to ensure that the exposure data is integrated in the monitoring station. GIS survey information would be very helpful in determining whether any of the companies has breached the expected standards by releasing harmful gases (Ferguson, Tahseen, & Perera, 2003, p. 26). In addition, the information would help give a true picture of the environmental situation at hand with respect to a particular chemical attack. The station should be equipped with professionals, who shoul... ... middle of paper ... ...1053. Ferguson, C.D., Tahseen, K., & Perera, J.
They then specify the safety mitigation requirements that should be implemented. They may propose changes to in-service products or CAD designs to make the system safer. Their main objective, when making proposals, is to lower the accident risk or to eliminate all potential hazards (Son & Gal, 2011). The main obligation of safety managers is to ensure that a completed existing design is safe. Safety managers participate in the design phase of the project to avoid the expensive costs of correc... ... middle of paper ... ...ed to safety.
The root causes of construction accidents is the main thing that need to be highlighted in order to improve the overall safety performance. That knowledge could be utilised to be more conducive working conditions and environments at construction sites. Therefore, a study has been conducted to identify the causes of accident at construction sites. This study was started out by reviewing literature from journals, books, newspaper, and web pages. Then reported accidents cases kept by the Department of Occupational Safety and Health Malaysia (DOSH) were examined to investigate causes of accidents.
The control and mitigation of pollutants or effluents that have an adverse impact on the natural environment. Environmental engineers are employed by environmental consulting agencies, engineering corporations, local jurisdictions, government departments and executive agencies like the Environmental Protection Agency. These technical gurus have a significant impact on all kinds of industries, including construction industries, land development, manufacturing, industrial processing and energy utilities. If you enter this profession, you’ll be carrying out projects assessments, leading in technical audits and evaluating the environmental impact of an organization’s industrial and commercial operations. Following these assessments, you’ll be making recommending types of clean-up, reclamation and waste management activities that need to be undertaken to solve the current problem and prevent similar issues recurring in the future.
(2) Snyder, B.M., R.M. Dennis, M.J.S. Roth, R. Krishnan, and H.W. Parker, "Evaluation of soilwashing process for 'unwashable' clays and silts from the Palmerton zinc site," Remediation, pp. 69-80, Winter 1995/96, (1995).
Hendershot, D. C., Conflicts and Decisions in the Search for Inherently Safer Process Options. Process Safety Progress 1995, 14, (1), 52-56. 31. Hazardous Substances Emergency Event Surveillance, 2005 Annual Report; US Department of Health & Human Services; Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry. .
Thus from this definition it is deduced that a plan must be comprised of a planned, documented and verifiable method of managing hazards and associated risks (Bryan, 1999; Bakri et al., 2006). This includes the organization structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes and resources for developing, implementing, achieving, reviewing and maintaining the organization’s OSH policy (Biggs et al., 2005; Gaßner et al., 2003; Bakri et al., 2006). An OSHMP illustrates an organisation’s dedication to health and safety in the workplace by providing a clearly written statement of intent and plan of action for the prevention of accidents and occupational illness and injury (Gaßner et al.,
Containment includes standard microbiological practices, safety equipments, facility safeguards and design. Thus containment is the basic objective for biosafety levels.  Risk assessment gives us information to recongnize the interventions that leads to the improvement of health and safety to the workers, public and to the environment. Risk assessment also can be used to identify data gaps and objective research that should have the greatest value in terms of public health impact.  Risk assessment provides wide information to develop a standard microbiological and clinical laboratory.