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Hate Crime Essay

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Hate Crimes
What constitutes a hate crime? What makes a hate crime different from a crime or are they one in the same. If you believe that there is a different between a hate crime and a crime, then how can we legislate hate crimes fairly and without bias on a consist basis? When it comes to hate crimes their seems to be more questions then answers and there also seems to be a lot of uncertainty within the law itself. Hate crime laws should no longer exist in are justice system because every violent crime involves an element of hate and it is impossible to prove a person’s motive or hate in the court of law.
A hate crime is described as a crime in which the victim is targeted specifically because of their "actual or perceived race, color, national origin, ethnicity, gender, disability, or sexual orientation.” The word hate crime did not exist until the 1980’s but the FBI had been investigating hate crimes as early as the 1930’s. After the passage of the Civil Right Act of 1964 the role of the federal government increased with more violence against African Americans. Hate crime legislation was first introduced in the 1980’s and was pass in the early 1990’s by way of the The Hate Crimes Statistics Act. The Hate Crimes Statistics Act only gave the FBI the power to track and record hate crime statistics. In October of 2009, the Hate Crimes Prevention Act or “The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act” was passed. The new law gave the Department of Justice the power to investigate and prosecute bias-motivated violence (FBI).
Challenges to hate crime laws have been based on the First Amendment of the Constitution the right to free speech. The first major Supreme Court ruling on this issue was R. A. V. v. City...

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...rimes have a huge impact on a victims community. They believe that hate crimes affect everyone who shares the victim’s race, religion, or other targeted characteristic they also believe that such crimes can also have an affect society as a whole. They argue that all crimes harm society by removing the sense of safety and security from it, but hate crimes threatens values, like equality and diversity (Macmillan Social Science Library).
Although proponents of hate crimes have some valid points I still remain in disagreement because when it comes to hate crimes their seems to be more questions then answers and there also seems to be a lot of uncertainty within the law itself. Hate crime laws should no longer exist in are justice system because every violent crime involves an element of hate and it is impossible to prove a person’s motive or hate in the court of law.
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