After harsh conditions for African Americans after the Plessy vs. Ferguson Trial many of them decided to move to the North to New York. By staying in the South they became more and more economically depressed and there was less of a demand for labor. Moving to the North became one of the best things African Americans did for themselves. There, men could vote and there was a better education system for children. As a result of World War I and the Industrial Revolution there were better job opportunities for African Americans as well.
A push was the growing discrimination and danger blacks were being faced with in the southern cities. When blacks migrated they saw the opportunity to express themselves in ways they hadn’t been able to do down south. While the Harlem Renaissance taught blacks about their heritage and whites the heritage of others, there were also negative effects. The blacks up North were having the time of their lives, being mostly free from discrimination and racism but down South the KKK was at its peak and blacks that didn’t have the opportunities to migrate experienced fatal hatred and discrimination. Harlem soon became known as the “capital of black America” as the amount of blacks in this community was very substantial.
Harlem Renaissance During the 1920's, the spiritual, social, and literary eagerness that raced through Harlem could be called the most important period of self-discovery in African-American history after the Civil War. Black literature went through a tremendous outbreak in Harlem, which is a district of New York City. In the middle of the changing atmosphere, a small group of black men and women began a public relations campaign to promote what they called the "New Negro" movement. While these men and women promoted art and literature, they were credited with starting much more than just and intellectual movement. This movement included poetry and writing, which forever changed the African-American lifestyle into a unique and more educated culture.
The Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement that sparked black modernization. This period in history introduced art, music, and the culture of people with African descent. Although all of these characteristics help to understand the African lifestyle, there are obstacles surrounding this topic. Without the Harlem Renaissance, people may not have experienced such things as rap music or hip hop. Through this movement, everyone has a better understanding of how African Americans lived at that point in time.
Just like the European renaissance, the Harlem renaissance was the rebirth of a culture. This expressed and inspired artists, literature, poetry, music, dance, and many other artistic hobbies and talents that people could think of (Crash Course). This also became a social and political movement as well. This era defined what it meant to become a person of color, American, and an artist altogether. This period was very important to the black community because it helped them expressed what it meant to be black in America.
Also called the New Negro Renaissance, it was a period in history when talented African American writers produced volumes of literary works. This period was characterized by many important themes. The first theme was migration; many African Americans migrated to large cities such as Chicago, Philadelphia, and Harlem. The Harlem Renaissance, the literary movement we are discussing was named so because Harlem became heavily populated with African Americans thus becoming the epicenter for this literary and artistic movement (Gates Jr. and McKay). Another theme of this period was he regeneration of black culture, folk traditions, and character.
Nonviolence was the most effective method in bringing social change in America during the 1960s Civil Rights Movement because it attracted sympathy towards Black people, provoked positive media attention, and promoted unity among African Americans. The use of violence during the Civil Rights Movement proved to be ineffective because it furthered social tensions between Whites and Blacks. The people who generated violence were mainly the Black Panthers advocating Black Power. Black Power called for nationality, unity, self-pride, self-defense and the separation from the White race (Blumberg 9). The idea of separation of the White race competed with integration since Black Power wanted “African Americans to establish their own ... ... middle of paper ... ... Smith.
The work contributed during the renaissance helped future African American artist in the future. Many historians contribute the Harlem Renaissance to the beginning of the civil rights movement. With the Civil War ending, African Americans were greatly displaced. The feeling of displacement came about for the African Americans because they were now legally free citizens, but they were still trapped in a country and culture that was none accepting of African Americans. After trying to find there place among the rest of America, the African Americans began a movement that has become known as "The Great Migration."
It offered affirmation of their dignity and humanity in the face of their poverty and the racism that had become a part of their everyday lives. The growth of the Harlem Renaissance was fueled by two important factors. The first factor was the migration that began during World War I. African Americans were inspired by the war to develop responsibility and self confidence that they did not have previously (Harden, Jackson, and Pitts). The second factor was that they achieved a level of articulation that allowed them to express themselves in literature, art, and theatre due to the defiance, bitterness, and impatience that they developed during the war: the aforementioned self confidence. The writers of the Harlem Renaissance did not use the expressive literature, art, and theatre to revolt against government and society; they used it to protest the unjust operation of government and as a vehicle to bring about equality for all races (Harden, Jackson, and Pitts).
The white people in the southern states are not as accepting to blacks and discrimination is more common there because that is where a lot of slavery was in history. The majority of blacks in America still live in extreme, deep poverty and a lot of them never receive a proper education. According to Phil Jackson’s article “Remembering the Millions the American Dream Left,” 30% black Americans in Illinois live in poverty while only 8% white Americans do. One way African Americans can move out of poverty is by getting a better education but because the blacks have such low income, they can’t afford a better education. Therefore, there is a rare chance they will ever get out of poverty.