Black Power and Black Art relate to one another in one major aspect: politics. The political aspect of both concepts aided in transforming African American culture. “The Black Arts and the Black Power concept both relate broadly to the Afro-American 's desire for self-determination and nationhood.” (Neal 1968) The desire for nationhood helped African Americans establish their independence in America and it aided them in developing what the world means to their culture and their views. The political views of Black Art and Black Power subsequently leads to the development of black aesthetics. Resistance is a main aspect of developing black aesthetics, because the motive of black aesthetics is “the destruction of the white thing, the destruction of white ideas, and white ways of looking at the world.” (Neal 1968) With the understanding of how Black Power and Black Art relate and the motives of each, the critical understanding of the 1960s Black Arts and Black Power is
The Harlem Renaissance created two goals. “The first was that black authors tried to point out the injustices of racism in American life. The second was to promote a more unified and positive culture among African Americans"(Charles Scribner 's Sons). The Harlem Renaissance is a period
Just like the European renaissance, the Harlem renaissance was the rebirth of a culture. This expressed and inspired artists, literature, poetry, music, dance, and many other artistic hobbies and talents that people could think of (Crash Course). This also became a social and political movement as well. This era defined what it meant to become a person of color, American, and an artist altogether. This period was very important to the black community because it helped them expressed what it meant to be black in America.
The term “New Negro” transformed the stereotypical image of African Americans as ex-slaves that were ignorant and inferior, to a race of intellectuals who articulated their culture in writing, art, and music. The phrase “New Negro” was in use long before the Harlem Renaissance, but this school of thought was truly emphasized by Alain Locke in his book The New Negro: An Interpretation. The New Negro was put together for the purpose as described by Lock: "to document the New Negro culturally and socially, - to register the transformations of the inner and outer life of the Negro in America that have so significantly taken place in the last few years." It was felt that African Americans were eager to claim their own agency in culture and politics instead of just remaining a problem for the whites. The “New Negroes” included poets, novelists, and blues musicians creating their art out of their own African folk, her... ... middle of paper ... ... the development of black literature, and The Harlem Renaissance, or the New Negro Movement, marked a turning point for this literature.
The Harlem Renaissance proved to America that African Americans also have specialized talents and should also be able to exhibit their gifts. The Harlem Renaissance also obtained the notoriety expeditiously that participants of this movement needed to modify America’s perspective of black environments. To sum up, the Harlem Renaissance “New Negro Movement” was a cultural movement that celebrated black life and culture. This movement assisted in gaining a new significance and vigorous race relation in the United States; it awakened black communities all over the world-- especially Harlem to utilize their gifts and talents and make the best of it. Initially, the “Harlem Renaissance derives from the fact that Harlem served as a symbolic capital of the cultural awakening-- a dynamic crucible of cultural cross-fertilization.
There was an explosion of culture in Harlem the great migration helps get cultural renewal for the people in New York City. When African Americans relocated, they seek jobs and an overall better way of life. Critics however questioned whether the Harlem Renaissance really met its goals for giving blacks a new identity. Due to literary roots, black owned magazines and newspapers flourished freeing African Americans. It was a good time for a cultural celebration; African Americans had faced slavery and oppression.
She used her good and bad past experiences as influences for her works. The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement of blacks that helped changed their identity. Creative expression flourished because it was the only chance blacks had to express themselves in any way and be taken seriously. World War I and the need for workers up North were a few pull factors for the migration and eventually the Renaissance. A push was the growing discrimination and danger blacks were being faced with in the southern cities.
Du Bois, Booker T. Washington, and Marcus Garvey all had different ideas on how to approach the issue of anti-black racism in America and throughout the world. Booker T. Washington wanted black Americans to focus on education and “labor of the hand” in order to be accepted by white American society. W.E.B. Du Bois stressed political agitation and self-assertion in the face of oppression. Marcus Garvey preached pan-Africanism and black nationalism.
Neal was just one of the important writers of the Black Arts Movement era. Other writers, poets, and essayists illustrated a new beginning for the black community to overcome their hardships and to rise up artistically. The concept of Black Power stemmed from the Black Arts Movement. Black Power was a political movement that arose to express a new racial consciousness among Blacks in the United States. Black Power represented a racial dignity leading to freedom from white authority in economic and political grounds.
Clearly, the actions that took place during the Harlem Renaissance still affect the decisions made today. The Harlem Renaissance was a period that occurred in Harlem, New York between the end of World War I and the middle of the 1930s. Harlem became a culture center that enticed African American artists such as “Wallace Thurman, Langston Hughes, James Weldon Johnson, and Alice Dunbar-Nelson” (Henderson 516) to showcase their talents . According to Shadi Neimneh writer of many interracial novels assesses Claude McKay’s poem “If We Must Die” by saying that“[the author Du Bois] thought blacks could achieve through culture what could not be achieved through...violence or weapons”(153). Unfortunately, though African Americans did express themselves through the arts, many types of violence followed after.