Hannibal of Carthage

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Hannibal of Carthage

Hannibal of Carthage: "The Father of Strategy" Through out history there have been many great military leaders, Alexander the Great, Napoleon, Generals Washington, Grant and Charles Lewis Puller. The one however that sticks out the most is General Hannibal of Carthage. Often called the "Father of Strategy" his march over the Alps is one of the most famous attacks in military history. Hannibal beat the Roman Army time and time again before in suicide in 183 BC. Hannibal was born 247 BC, the son of Hamilcar Barca, the current General of the Carthaginian Army. Hannibal's training as a military leader began at the age of nine when he went to Spain to be with his father. At Hamilcar's request Hannibal pledged an oath of hate towards the Roman Empire because of Carthages lost to the Romans in the First Punic War (261-241 BC). After Hamilcar's death in 228 BC, Hannibal's brother in law, Hasdrubal, assumed command of the Carthaginian Army. Seven years, in 221BC, Hasdrubal was assassinated. In those years, during Hasdrubal's command, Hannibal was the main officer to carry out all of Hasdrubal's plans. Hannibal was the unanimous choice to lead the Carthaginian Army. Hannibal sought to extend the Carthage domain further in Spain. By 219 he had reached the Ebro River and controlled all south of that but the city of Saguntum, an ally of Rome. Despite strong warnings form Rome Hannibal attacked Saguntum and after eight months of battle, he controlled the city. The Romans saw this as a violation of the existing treaty between Rome and Carthage and demanded the surrender of Hannibal. When Carthaginian government did not hand over Hannibal for his actions, the Romans declared war, also know as the Second Punic War. With ...

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...fend the declining Carthage power in the north coast of Africa. Hannibal entered in to battle with Scipio Africanus the Elder. There his younger men fled, some to the Romans, and his veteran warriors were simply beat. Carthage gave in to Rome and the Second Punic War was over. With a peace agreement, Hannibal sought out to gage battle with the Romans. He amended the Carthaginian constitution, reformed the government and made changed to the finances. The Romans saw this as breaking the original peace offering. Hannibal took refuge in Syria and fought with them against the Romans. When Syria was defeated, part of the peace treaty was the surrender of Hannibal to the Romans. Hannibal escaped to Bithynia in 148 BC in northern Asia Minor. Rome once again demanded the surrender of Hannibal. Hannibal ended his life and fight against the Romans by taking poison in 147 BC.
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