When Pompey was just 17 he fought, along with his father, on the side of Lucius Cornelius Sulla against the army of Gaius Marius and Lucius Cornelius Cinna. In the year of 84 bc he had raised three legions defeat Marian army. Pompey later defeated Marian army. Then Pompey was sent to destroy the rest of the Marian army in Africa and Sicily. On his triumphant return to Rome he was honored with the title Magnus, or the Great.
Hannibal Twenty-two centuries ago there lived a man named Hannibal, the son of Hamilcar Barca a Carthaginian. Hamilcar was a general in the Carthaginian military in the first Punic War. After the defeat of Carthage in the first Punic War, Hamilcar made Hannibal swear "eternal enmity" to Rome. In 228 b.c. Hasdrubal, Hannibal`s brother-in-law, succeeded Hamilcar and became commander.
As Hannibal grew older he watched his father, and his hatred for Rome, fight in the First Punic War. The First Punic War eventually came to an end after 23 years of battle. Hamilcar had to negotiate peace, and then he was only left with the choice to plan his retaliation. It is said that when Hannibal was nine years old he asked if he could join his father in the comeback against Rome. Hannibal said, “I swear to always be an enemy of Rome” (Brooks, 21).
When Hannibal was nine he went with his father on the to conquer Spain. Before starting, the kid swore to hate Rome. In two years he conquered all Spain between the Tagus and Iberus rivers. The Romans branded this attack a violation of the existing treaty between Rome and Carthage and demanded that Carthage surrender Hannibal to them. On the refusal of the Carthaginians to do so, the Romans declared war on Carthage, so because of that they precipitated in the Second Punic War.
Hannibal (b. 247 BC, North Africa--d. c. 183-181, Libyssa, Bithynia), Phoenician Carthaginian general, one of the great military leaders of antiquity, who commanded the Carthaginian forces against Rome in the Second Punic War (218-201 BC). Early life Hannibal was the son of the great Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca. According to Polybius and Livy, the main Latin sources for his life, Hannibal was taken to Spain by his father and at an early age was made to swear eternal hostility to Rome. From the death of his father in 229/228 until his own death c. 183, Hannibal's life was one of constant struggle against the Roman republic.
When Hannibal realized that he could not efficiently surround Rome with Italian states, he spread the conflict hoping to spread Rome’s resources thin. Hannibal brought different countries into the war against Rome. The real blow to Hannibal came in 209 when the Romans took Carthage and forced Hasdrubal out of Spain. This cut his main supply route off. Hannibal learned of the defeat when Hasdrubal's head was thrown into his camp.
(Winks) On the Gallic side, his victories meant the spread of Roman language and civilization. Caesar defied an order from the Senate to give up his command and stay in Gaul, and he led his loyal troops south across the Rubicon River boundary, beginning a civil war. Within a few weeks Caesar was master of Italy. He then won another in Spain, and he defeated Pompey’s troops in Greece, to which most of the Senate had fled... ... middle of paper ... ...litical hotbed of rival classes and contenders for power. Augustus had seen Caesar’s rise to power and the awful way in which Caesar’s rule was ended.
Because of this, Hamilcar made Hannibal swear a blood oath of hatred towards Rome. When Hannibal’s father died in 229 BCE, Hamilcar’s son in law, Hasdrubal, took command of the military of Carthage. During the time he was commander, he made Hannibal an officer in the Carthaginian army. In 221 BCE, Hasdrubal was killed and the Carthaginian soldiers unanimously chose Hannibal as their next commander, a decision that was later approved by their government. “At age 26, Hannibal was given command of an army and imm... ... middle of paper ... ...hern Europe and the Alps Mountains against Rome in the Second Punic War”(biography.com 5).
It was a battle fought off the west coast of Sicily. Carthage had no choice but surrender Sicily and other lands to Rome. Years after the war Carthage notice that Rome was trying to conquer and control the Mediterranean. To circum... ... middle of paper ... .... The Romans pretty much took their time in conquering Carthage.
Hannibal Barca Hannibal’s birth name was Hannibal Barca. He grew up with his father, Hamilcar Barca, his brothers, Hasdrubal and Mago, and his brother-in-law, Hasdrubal The Fair. He married “the daughter of a Spanish chieftain” (Green 20), Imilce, and then left for the Roman Empire. and never saw her again. Hamilcar made Hannibal swear to a Carthaginian god to be a forever enemy of the Romans and after Hamilcar died in war, he passed his power over to his son-in-law Hasdrubal in 230 B.C.