“At age 26, Hannibal was given command of an army and imm... ... middle of paper ... ...hern Europe and the Alps Mountains against Rome in the Second Punic War”(biography.com 5). With such a momentous accomplishment under his belt, he is held among the greatest generals to have lived, along with Alexander the great, Pyrrhus of Epirus, Scipio, and Julius Caesar. With his fathers influenced hatred of Rome, Hannibal started the second Punic War, wanting to make a world better for Carthage. He has become one the most well known and greatest military leaders to live. “Surely no man ever undertook a great work to his own sorrow, from more purely patriotic instincts, than this same Carthaginian” (Dodge 170).
During his tenure, his advancement in, and leadership of the Roman military forced the Carthaginian military, as well as Hannibal, to surrender (Render). Ongoing battles created a hatred between the Romans and Carthaginians, with fathers teaching their sons nothing but hatred for the opposition, leaving an undying need to kill one another. Hamilcar made his son (Hannibal) swear that he would always be an enemy to Rome, and one report states that Hannibal said “I swear so soon as age will permit I will use fire and steel to arrest the destiny of Rome” (Mills). The Carthaginian army led by Hannibal, usually attacked their enemies in an infantry phalanx that was supported by chariots as the primary combat squad, armed with d... ... middle of paper ... ...away the rights of the Carthaginians and bankrupted Carthage (Gabriel). Although the Carthaginians ultimately had succumb to the Romans, their general, Hannibal Barca was one of the fiercest and intelligent leaders the world has ever seen.
Hamilcar made Hannibal swear to a Carthaginian god to be a forever enemy of the Romans and after Hamilcar died in war, he passed his power over to his son-in-law Hasdrubal in 230 B.C. (Green 59). After Hasdrubal dies in 221 B.C., Hannibal is put in command of the Carthaginians (Green 17). He won the Second Punic War by striking fear in the enemy and then defeating them. Hannibal was a strategic commander, a fearless fighter, and a sensible leader.
Hannibal of Carthage Hannibal of Carthage: "The Father of Strategy" Through out history there have been many great military leaders, Alexander the Great, Napoleon, Generals Washington, Grant and Charles Lewis Puller. The one however that sticks out the most is General Hannibal of Carthage. Often called the "Father of Strategy" his march over the Alps is one of the most famous attacks in military history. Hannibal beat the Roman Army time and time again before in suicide in 183 BC. Hannibal was born 247 BC, the son of Hamilcar Barca, the current General of the Carthaginian Army.
The reasoning and motives for the three wars varies. However, no matter what the motives of the wars were, the end result was the defeat and total destruction of the Carthaginian civilization. Essentially, the conflict arose from the clash of economic interests. The Carthaginians wished to protect commercial basis of power, while the Romans committed themselves to expansion (Marcel Le Glay 2009, 73). Carthage would lose the First Punic War, the result of this loss would cause vast amount of reprirations paid to Rome and a social revolt amongst its own people.
When Hannibal was nine he went with his father on the to conquer Spain. Before starting, the kid swore to hate Rome. In two years he conquered all Spain between the Tagus and Iberus rivers. The Romans branded this attack a violation of the existing treaty between Rome and Carthage and demanded that Carthage surrender Hannibal to them. On the refusal of the Carthaginians to do so, the Romans declared war on Carthage, so because of that they precipitated in the Second Punic War.
For the Romans it brought symbolic importance and lessons learned as well as the need for military strategic adaptation. Hannibal a great general by the age of 26 was sworn in his youth to look on the Romans with utter contempt and to destroy them in their highest ranks. The Romans on the other hand mocked Hannibal time and time again by sending out their lesser soldiers. By the time the battle of Cannae came around Hannibal knew he was facing his long awaited encounter with the very top legions of the Roman army. Hannibal’s success in the battle of Cannae can only be attributed to his strategic war tactics.
Caesar did not respect the Senate, his people’s elected representatives. He undermined the Senate’s power over him, one of his greatest blows in destroying the Roman Republic. The destruction of the Roman Republic can be accredited to Julius Caesar because his egotism resulted in the government only supporting him, he was willing to gain power at any cost which put many people at risk, and had no respect for the Roman Senate’s power over him. Caesar however, was killed by a group of conspiring senators before he could destroy the Roman Republic even more than he already had. It is a matter of great curiosity then, how much more glorious the Roman Republic could have been if Julius Caesar had not destroyed it.
So, in 264 B.C. the assembly voted to send a force to expel the Carthage (or Punic) garrison. Thus began the First Punic War. For twenty four years the two powers fought a bloody war for ... ... middle of paper ... ...n it was attacked by a Roman force, but this time he was defeated and forced into exile. Rome pursued him, and eventually caught up to him in modern day Turkey.
From the death of his father in 229/228 until his own death c. 183, Hannibal's life was one of constant struggle against the Roman republic. His earliest commands were given to him in the Carthaginian province of Spain by Hasdrubal, son-in-law and successor of Hamilcar; and it is clear that he emerged as a successful officer, for, on the assassination of Hasdrubal in 221 BC, the army proclaimed him, at the age of 26, its commander in chief, and the Carthaginian government quickly ratified his field appointment. Hannibal immediately turned himself to the consolidation of the Punic hold on Spain. He married a Spanish princess, Imilce, then began to conquer various Spanish tribes. He fought against the Olcades and captured their capital, Althaea; quelled the Vaccaei in the northwest; and in 221, making the seaport Cartagena (Carthage Nova, the capital of Carthaginian Spain) his base, won a resounding victory over the Carpetani in the region of the Tagus River.