Hanbok Case Study

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Korean traditional clothes are called ‘Hanbok.’ Post-Joseon dynasty was influenced by the neighboring countries like China, Mongol, and Japan. Thus, Korean cultural clothes before Joseon were not different from Chinese cultural clothes, Hanfu. As Korea became more independent during Joseon, Hanbok was advanced simpler and more convenient. Unlike long one-piece dress from the Chinese Hanfu and Japanese traditional clothes, Kimono, Hanbok has several different types of clothes and was significantly divided between the top and bottom. There were also some sumptuary laws and social class divisions in clothes and accessories. Therefore, Hanbok in the Joseon dynasty is divided socially and politically with some aesthetic values. The men and women wore different Hanbok to represent their gender. The outerwear for men was longer compared to the outerwear of women. Lee (2012) discussed that the reason was because women wore long skirts that came up to their chest and men wore big pants. In order to secure their clothes, men used…show more content…
Women also had different social classes only by her family status. Men in Joseon dynasty were divided into four groups by their social status. Except in the case of a king and queen, the highest status group was called Yangban. Yangban was the ruling class who had privileges. They studied Confucianism and took the examination to recruit ranking officials. The secondly highest status was Jung-in. Jung-in worked for the yangban and did some administrative businesses. Men who had professional jobs such as mechanics, doctors belong to jung-in. The third class was Pyeongmin. Pyeongmin means ordinary people in Korean. They engaged in production activities and paid their taxes. Most people in this class were farmers and few of them were merchants. The lowest class was called Nobi. Nobi indicates slaves, and they devoted their whole life for their
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