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HIV Research Paper There are several ways which Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) can spread from person to person. Sexual behaviors are on the top of the list for HIV’s routes of transmissions. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HIV is primarily transmitted through contact with an infected person’s needle, blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid, or vaginal fluids (2014). Unprotected sex is the most common way of HIV transfusion because while the symptoms many have not yet emerged, the virus can still spread, stated the CDC (2014). Unfortunately, HIV can also be passed on to the fetus by an infected mother during pregnancy, delivery, or through breast milk, the CDC reported (2014).
Retrieved from http://www.hivhealthreform.org/living-with-hiv/ Mayo Clinic. (2012, August 11). Treatments and drugs. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiv-aids/basics/treatment/con-20013732 Office of NIH History (n.d.). Discovery of HIV.
In most cases the immune systems cells can combat with viruses such as the flu. However, research has yet to uncover the reason this is not true with HIV. A virus reproduces by taking over a cell, that is exactly what HIV does. HIV attacks and invades the T-cells and CD4 cells, cells vital to the immune system, using them to multiply itself and then destroy the host cell. What differs HIV from AIDS is once HIV destroys many of the CD4 cells the infection progresses to a point of no return, AIDS.
Hiv and aids. Retrieved from http://www.avert.org/ Janssen, M. (2009). hiv surveillance report, vol 21. Retrieved from http://www.cdcnpin.org/hiv/ Perlin, D. (2002). From epidemic to pandemic.
The needle and syringe programme (NSP) is the programme that supplies needle and syringe and also other equipment used to prepare and illegal drug. This programme is run by pharmacies and drug services. World Health Organization (2007) stated that the purpose of this programme is to reduce the transmission of blood- borne viruses and other infections that caused by sharing injecting equipment. The work of NSPs has focused on HIV prevention and also rising HIV-prevalence among clients in many locations. This has resulted in producing HIV care and support programmes and antiretroviral treatment programmes which these programmes are critically important.
The Epidemiology of HIV Transmission: Trends, Structure and Dynamics. Annu Rev Anthropol, 23: 509-526. Lemey P, Pybus OG, Wang B, Saksena NK, Salemi M, Vandamme A. 2003. Tracing the Origin and History of the HIV-2 Epidemic.
Treating and Preventing Meningitis and Encephalitis The diseases, meningitis and encephalitis, cause various problems in the brain and should be avoided at all costs. Various preventative measures can be taken to avoid them. When one does contract one of the diseases, treatments are available to help cure them, but the treatments do not have a 100 percent success rate. Because of its viral and bacterial tendencies, antibiotics are used at times to attack the diseases as are various vaccines to help prevent contraction of the diseases. In the process of painting the famous Sistine Chapel, Leonardo Da Vinci accidentally uses the wrong color paint to paint Adam's finger.
7/19/2005: http://www.who.int/vaccines-documents/DocsPDF99/www9943.pdf 3. Ginsberg A. (2001, January). Tuberculosis Vaccine. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
World Health Org. Date retrieved: July 21, 2005: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheet/smallpox/en/print.html