HIV : The Causes And Treatment Of HIV And HIV

703 Words3 Pages
Human immunodeficiency virus HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system in the human body. There is no cure for HIV and eventually, the virus will progress into acquired immunodeficiency virus (AIDS). There are “approximately 36.7 million people living with HIV/AIDS around the world” (WHO, 2017). HIV is transmitted through certain bodily fluids such as blood, breast milk, vaginal secretions, or semen from a person infected with the disease. Transmission can occur during unprotected sex, dirty needle use, or from mother to baby. HIV is “commonly contracted in the United States through sexual activity” (Gowda, Coppock, Brickman, Shaw, and Gross, 2016, p.440). In the United States, there are “approximately 1.1 million people living with HIV” (CDC, 2017). The highest ethnic group with HIV is among African-Americans accounting for “83% being gay or bisexual males” shown in figure 1 (CDC, 2017). According to the CDC, HIV decreased by 18% annually during 2008 to 2014 shown in figure 2. In Southeast Asia, Thailand has the highest adults living with HIV. An estimated 440, 000 people are living with HIV with 1.1% prevalence being adults (Avert, 2017). HIV is ranked fifth on the top ten causes of death in Thailand (CDC, 2017). Thailand has worked diligently to decrease the number of HIV cases with prevention programs offering education, free syringes with needles, and condoms. The highest newly infected HIV rate is “among men having sex with men totaling 50% of all new cases; of the newly 6,900 cases transmission was from unprotected sex” (see figure 3) (Avert, 2017, para 4). From “1999-2010 Thailand reduced new HIV infections from 143,00 cases to 10, 853” (WHO, 2017, para 1). Risk factors for people in Thailand are poverty, low accessi... ... middle of paper ... ...a person’s risk for heart attack or stroke by 80%” (CDC 2016, p.1). Education, socioeconomic status, environment, occupation, age, and accessibility to heath care services play an important role in cardiovascular health and wellness. It is important that people are educated, and aware of the signs and symptoms of cardiovascular diseases along with prevention awareness. Cardiovascular disease and non-communicable diseases are the leading health issue in Thailand (see figure 5). CVD causes 29% of the country’s deaths (WHO, 2017). The majority of Thailand’s CVD is due from lifestyle choices. Thais are eating less healthy foods that are processed and higher in fat along with tobacco and alcohol products. These lifestyle choices can lead to blood pressure issues, diabetes, and elevated cholesterol. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in Thailand
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