It caused a great scare, especially among men who have sex with men (MSM), which is a group that still is disproportionately affected by the virus to this day. Researchers at the time discovered that these mysterious deaths were attributed to a virus that has never had as much of an impact as it did during this time. There have been extensive advancements in HIV/AIDS research that have allowed for a better understanding of the virus, prevention methods, and advancements in treatment. As a Health Educator who does HIV testing and counseling, I have seen first-hand how people react to receiving a positive HIV test and it is crucial that these individuals know exactly what steps they need to take in order to live a long, healthy life. HIV is spherical in shape with the diameter measuring at approximately 120 nanometers.
Finally she tells her mother that she needs to see a doctor. At the doctor’s office, they perform a blood test on Nancy to see what is the matter with her. Shockingly the test shows that she is HIV+. Nancy comes out to her mother say that the boy she has been seeing, Collin, had raped her. At that moment Nancy realizes that all her life is now limited by the choices she can make.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). It’s a virus that progressively weakens the immune system making our body more susceptible to infections and diseases. HIV from an infected person can be transmitted through various specific ways such as during unprotected sexual contact and sharing needles or syringes that has been contaminated with blood from a HIV positive person. This virus can also be passed from a mother to her child through the pregnancy and when the baby is drinking infected breast milk. (Medical News Today, 2012) The replication of HIV is a multi-stage process and therefore is a potential target of antiretroviral drug.
Which uses multiple tests to confirm the presence of HIV, the first being a reactive test to the presence of HIV antibodies and or antigens of both HIV-1 and HIV-2. A positive test is followed by confirmatory test that can identify the strain the individual is infected with, HIV-1 or HIV-2. Remnants of the original case definition still exist, to identify the progression of the virus in the individu... ... middle of paper ... ...his program to admit heroin addicts, would give addicts a place to recover and give them essential skills to find better employment opportunities. The best road to recovery is not to fall back into old habits and influences. New job skills will give addicts the opportunity to relocate and find better high paying jobs.
The truth was that HIV couldn’t be spread as easily as everyone thought. HIV could only be transmitted through sexual contact, or needle use from an infected individual. This virus gradually became a scare especially when the common antibiotics failed. Later on scientists slowly realized that when a person is infected, they are infected with HIV which leads to AIDS. By the end of 1990, AIDS was well known throughout the world and a drug was found to slow down its symptoms.
For example, HIV and AIDS, gonorrhea, syphilis, Chlamydia, herpes, HSV2, genital warts, and hepatitis A, B,C,D. Some can be cured, and others can’t. Bacterial STDs can be cured, but it will always remain in the body as well as viral. Just because a person gets it once, doesn’t mean they’ll never get it again. Others may look at you differently because you are infected with HIV or AIDS.
What medication is available and whether or not there is a cure for HIV and AIDS also what the signs and symptoms are of HIV and AIDS. The assignment will also research on statistics on how many people are affected by HIV. Finally this assignment will go into some detail on how HIV develops into full blown AIDS and what treatment there is for Aids patients also how long this takes to happen. What life span an infected person is expected to have once infected. Pathogens are microbes that cause disease.
This paper presents an ethical analysis of the mandatory newborn HIV testing law enacted in New York State. The law was passed as an effort to decrease maternal transmission of HIV, by treating infants born to HIV positive mothers immediately after birth with AZT. Newborn testing was promoted by the legislative and medical community following the overwhelmingly positive response from HIV infected pregnant women who were given AZT in the ACTG 076 clinical trials. Pregnant mothers who were given AZT had a markedly lower transmission rate than mothers who had not received it. This paper examines this newborn testing policy from a Utilitarian perspective to ascertain if the goals of the policy are feasible.