1969 Words8 Pages
With reference to one animal or human disease, explain why its

economic consequences can vary spatially.


There are many diseases, which produce economic consequences and which

can vary in their effect depending on location. Some are Tuberculosis

(TB), Malaria, Ebola Virus and AIDs. Throughout this report I am going

to focus on the AIDs virus.

HIV is the Human immunodeficiency virus, and AIDs is the Acquired

immunodeficiency syndrome, which it causes.

HIV is a slow retrovirus, which means that not only does it take

months to show any symptoms and years to develop fully. It invades the

white cells by reproducing itself backwards inside them. The white

cells are the ones, which would normally produce anti-bodies to aid

the body's defence against disease. It is therefore easily spread by

bodily contact and possibly without them the carrier realising they

have the disease. The body becomes the target of everyday infections

and cell changes which cause cancer.

While HIV/AIDs is clearly a health problem, the world has come to

realise it is also a development problem that threatens human welfare,

socio-economic advances, productivity, social cohesion, and even

national security. HIV/AIDs reaches into every corner of society,

affecting parents, children and youth, teachers and health workers,

the rich and the poor. In the last few years the highest growth of

HIV/AIDs has been in women and children and therefore the world health

organisation is recommended that all pregnant as screened for


Economic consequences of HIV/AIDs are:

· The costs of funding research

· The cost of vaccinations

· The loss of people of working age to the community

· Loss of income due to reduced productivity leading also to reduction

in GNP (Gross National Product)

· Personal hardship - loss of the breadwinner.

The World Bank, in partnership with others, is working to roll back

the spread of this global epidemic. As the largest long-term investor

in prevention and migration of HIV/AIDs in developing countries, the

World Bank group is working with its partners to:

· Prevent the further spread of HIV/AIDs among vulnerable groups such

as women and children and in the general population;

· Promote countries health policies and multi-sectional approaches

(e.g. By working in education, social safety nets, transport and other

vital areas);

· Expand basic care and treatment for those affected by HIV/AIDs and

their families, as well as for children whose parents have died of


Where did it come from?

The virus evolved in sub-Saharan Africa, crossing over from a group of

chimpanzees to people in the 1930's this could have been contaminated

by meat or a bite from a pet.

More about HIV/AIDS

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