HIV works in an unusual way because it uses the immune system to its advantage. Viruses cannot l... ... middle of paper ... ...e before its toxicity and side effects are fully understood" (Stine 337). However, many people with AIDS are willing to take this risk with the hope that the drug may prove effective. In conclusion, AIDS is an incurable disease with few treatments, caused by HIV, transmitted by way of bodily fluids. AIDS is mainly transmitted through sex and sexual activities, and by sharing hypodermic drug needles.
Other complications of HIV infection include fever, diarrhea, severe weight loss, and swollen lymph nodes (see LYMPHATIC SYSTEM). When HIV-infected persons experience some of the above symptoms but do not meet full criteria for AIDS, they are given the diagnosis of AIDS-related complex, or ARC. The growing feeling is that asymptomatic HIV infection and ARC should not be viewed as distinct entities but, rather, as stages of an irreversible progression toward AIDS. Historical Background In the late 1970s, certain rare types of cancer and a variety of serious
The Link between HIV and the Development of AIDS The breakout of the AIDS pandemic during the early eighties is considered one of the biggest challenges in modern medicine. Twenty years after the first AIDS cases were recorded, we are far from developing a cure for this devastating pandemic. Although our knowledge of this condition remains limited, the vast majority of scientists now agree that the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is the predominant cause of AIDS, and the notion that HIV equals AIDS is widely regarded as a fact by the general public. Since 1998, however, a group of dissenters led by Dr. Peter Duesberg has questioned the validity of this theory. Duesberg, an accredited biologist, believes that there is no cause and effect relationship between HIV and AIDS.
After later research though, it was found to have been around in 1975. At first, AIDS was thought to be a homosexual disease. The gay community in New York City has been hit the hardest with about 1/2 million cases to date. Scientists believe that the virus was carried by male homosexuals during the sexual revolution of the mid- 1970s. Promiscuity was common among all people.
First of all, AIDS is caused by the retrovirus HIV. HIV stands for human immunodef- iciency virus. AIDS itself stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome. As its name implies, AIDS is a virus that is acquired and attacks the immune system making it useless in the event of other viral or bacterial attacks on the human body. After the HIV virus is initially contracted, the person may live a perfectly normal life for several years before sign of the virus appear.
Everyone has possibility of contracting AIDS and HIV; it can change one’s world in a heart beat. 1 HIV/AIDS has become a pandemic virus because of how quickly it has spread throughout the entire world. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which means that it is a virus that attacks the immune system and it can only infect humans. HIV are like other viruses but there is an important difference, overtime your immune system can clear most viruses out of your body. HIV is different, the human immune system can’t get rid of it and scientist are still trying to figure out why our immune system can’t clear it.
To achieve this goal, we have 2 options, development of vaccine and treating all HIV patients with the concept of treatment for prevention. Vaccine development is the best but we still not get perfect vaccine although we are trying for many years. So people decide to develop second option which is more realistic at this moment because of available tool, antiretroviral therapy (ART). And we can see from UNAIDS report that new infection and death reduce gradually since development of ART in 2002. It did happen even without full coverage of ART to all HIV... ... middle of paper ... ...patient due to lack of systematic recording system and selling the drugs - Losing jobs due to HIV and sell ART half dose for buying food and take once per day instead of twice - ART taking patients moving to the other places where no ART clinic there.
Aids The issue of HIV/AIDS has been a developing concern since the early 1980's. It is an issue that has sparked fear in everyone, but "society" has narrowed it down to certain people that can contract the AIDS virus. The stereotypical "AIDS" victim is not an IV drug user or a practicing homosexual; it is anyone, anyone who has unprotected sex, anyone who has had a blood transfusion in the past twenty years, or anyone who was innocently brought into the world by an infected mother. As unfair as it is, HIV/AIDS can attack someone whom society would have never "branded" as a stereotypical AIDS victim. This issue of HIV/AIDS needs to be addressed, and it needs to be addressed now.
Opportunistic HIV infections Description- opportunistic HIV infections are those infections that are caused to a HIV positive person, when his CD4 count starts decreasing. Opportunistic HIV infections can be treated with strong antiretroviral drugs that aim to uplift the CD4 count and keep our immunity system stronHETEROSEXUAL HIV INFECTION Description- Heterosexual HIV infection is the most common reason for the spread of the disease. Heterosexual HIV infection may not be the major cause in advanced nations, but in developing and the developed countries, this reason accounts for more than half of all HIV cases. ________________________________________________________________________ Keywords- heterosexual HIV infection, HIV infections due to sex, HIV infection due to male female sexual relation, causes of heterosexual HIV infection, precautions of heterosexual HIV infection, preventions from heterosexual HIV infection, Statistics of heterosexual HIV infection, Risk of HIV due to sex, Factors leading to heterosexual HIV infection, factors of heterosexual HIV infection, factors of HIV infections due to sex, risk of HIV due to sex, risk of HIV, biggest cause oh HIV, HIV and sex, heterosexuality and HIV, heterosexuality and HIV infections, (16) ________________________________________________________________________ Heterosexuality is a big cause of HIV contraction. Where monogamous heterosexuality is a healthy and normal phenomena if both the partners are HIV negative, heterosexuality with multiple partners can lead to heterosexual HIV infection.
During this time, the person can give the virus to another even though it cannot be detected by sight or smell. Usually, symptoms start developing within 1 to 2 years. Typical indications of the virus are fever, weariness, weight loss, skin rashes, a fungal mouth infection called thrush, lack of immunity to infection, and enlarged lymph nodes. When AIDS overtakes the body, the body becomes especially susceptible to tuberculosis, pneumonia, and a rare form of cancer called Kaposi¹s Sarcoma. Once AIDS has fully taken hold, the body may suffer damage to the nerves and brain.