Male Menopause begins with declining testosterone levels and is eventually characterized by the following symptoms: hair loss, depression, a slower immune system, weight gain, less stamina for physical activity, forgetfulness, irritability, and loss of or reduced interest in sex. (5) Impotence may also occur. Usually this "change" arises between the ages of 40 and 55, although it has been known to transpire as early as 35 and as late as 65. (6) Several different clinical terms exist for the popularized term "male menopause" such as "andropause" or "viropause". (2) Andropause was named for the hormone "androgen" which is essentially testosterone. It is also the name of the therapy with which they treat a man suffering from male menopause. This treatment comes in the form of injection, skin patches or liquid gel. (5) In order to be diagnosed with male menopause, one must have reached the eligible age then endure a physical exam wherein blood samples will be taken. These samples are tested for hormone levels. If these blood samples demonstrate low levels of androgen and the patient seems to be suffering from the symptoms associated wit...
Associating hormones with a certain gender can be a bit of a misnomer, as women also make testosterone, although in much smaller amounts. Likewise, the liver converts some of a man’s testosterone and fat tissue into estrogen.
Major changes occur in a women's body especially to the breasts with age, significant weight reduction, childbirth, and breast feeding. Apart from affecting the self-confidence, large breast cause other physical discomforts in the form of neck and back pain. This procedure is useful in reconstituting the breast configuration in women who have undergone Mastectomy to remove breast, mostly due to cancer. The breast formation may either involve implants or tissues from other parts of the body such as back or lower abdomen. Reconstruction of nipple and areola may be done to regain the natural appearance and confidence. The firmness and round contour of the breast can be restored by breast reduction surgery. Often, some women feel the size of their breast is too small. Some people desire for augmentation surgery after breast changes due to pregnancy, while others wish to correct the asymmetry in the size of the breast. In all these cases, it is possible to peerform breast enhancement surgery.
It is associated with a higher risk of pregnancy complications and certain ovarian cancers. Due to the importance of this condition, it is critical that patients understand its causes, symptoms, and treatment. By the end of this article, you will have the answers to these essential questions:
Most women want to have firm, perky and sexy breasts because it makes them feel good about themselves. However, over the years, factors such as aging, breastfeeding, weight fluctuations, pregnancy, heredity, gravity and others can have a toll on their breasts causing them to lose firmness and change shape. Sagging breasts are not only unsightly, but also cause embarrassment and to women. As a result, some are willing to go to any length to get their strong and firm breasts back. One of the medical procedures that can help women rectify the sagging is breast lift surgery.
One example of a syndrome where the development of the sex organs does not progress in the typical fashion is congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), which is when the adrenal gland from birth becomes overdeveloped. This is the most common cause of the intersex condition. This condition is caused by a genetic defect in which cortisol production leads to overstimulation of the adrenal gland. A hormone from the adrenal gland, cortisol, feeds back to reduce the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). More ACTH is being produced since the pituitary gland does not succeed in getting much cortisol as a feedback indicator.
Acromegaly is an imbalance in the hormonal sequence that is normally the product of excessive growth hormones in the human body. This is evident from the origin of the name which is Greek for dilated or something existing in extremity. The condition is common in the pituitary glands of the brain which are mostly credited with control of the growth hormone (GH) and results in consequent strings of excessive growth often manifested in the elongation of the hands, feet and bulging of the soft tissue. Although symptoms are bound to emerge at any given age, Acromegaly has a prevalent record among adults who fall in the middle age group.
It had been discovered in 1895 that removing ovaries can reduce breast tumours; this was exhibited when George Beatson removed the ovaries of one of his patients. This continued to happen and would happen before radical mastectomy. Even though removing the ovaries which produced oestrogen, it began to come from the adrenal glands as well which caused doctors (in 1952, performed by Charles Huggins) to start removing them as well to "starve the tumour of oestrogen". Later on Rolf Lefft and Herbert Olivecrona tried taking out the pituitary gland (another place oestrogen is
Ways to early detect would be self-breast exams at home, annual mammograms and genetic testing for the BCRA1 and the BCRA2 abnormal gene. It has been said that when people are tested for the abnormal gene and are found to carry it, it is normally passed from either parent. Not only do women develop breast cancer, but men are also at risk. If detection is caught early enough there can be a high survival rate. Some symptoms and signs are a lump, change in size or shape of breast, nipple pain, discharge or bleeding of the nipple, change of skin color and texture, or breast becoming swollen or feels warm. It is advised to seek medical attention upon discovery of signs and symptoms. It can possibly allow a better treatment option for
One typical cause of secondary hypogonadism in men is obesity. Secondary hypogonadism is more common than primary hypogonadism in obese men. Being significantly overweight at any age can be a direct cause of secondary hypogonadism. A 2004 research led by Dr. Paresh Dandona, a professor at the University at Buffalo, New York, correlates perfectly with this claim. Dandona and his student research team discovered that obese young men, between the ages of 14 and 20 years old have only half the testosterone levels of their leaner counterparts. They also discovered that these young men have a higher likelihood of being infertile adults; Additionally, years later, Dandona’s findings were confirmed in 2010 in more than 2,000 obese men, both diabetic and
Men may experience the shrinking of the testicles, reduced sperm count, infertility, baldness, development of breasts, and increased risk for prostate cancer. However woman may experience growth of facial hair, male-pattern baldness, changes in or killing of the menstrual cycle, enlargement of the clitoris, and a deepened voice. Adolescents who use steroids may have their growth halted prematurely through premature skeletal maturation and accelerated puberty changes.