The historically acknowledged and critically acclaimed novel Gulliver’s Travels written by Jonathan Swift and Marcus Cunliffe satirically covers issues that plagued their society. The irony that stems from this work is that these issues have yet to disappear from today’s society, and whether it is a result of human nature or English colonialism is still up for debate. This novel portrays the common result of English classism, which occurs all to often, mocking the poor. In the Gulliver’s Travels Swift writes “When I left Mr. Bates, I went down to my Father; where, by the Assistance of him and my Uncle John . . . I got Forty Pounds, and a Promise of Thirty Pounds a Year.” (Swift, Cunliffe) This quote shows Gulliver’s state of mind and his resistance…show more content… George Orwell writes, “No one would deny that Gulliver 's Travels is a rancorous… book… it often descends into political partisanship of a narrow kind.” Implying that the novel as great as it is it engages in a very strong bias to Swift’s political bias and standing. Orwell does not agree with the bias shown and believes that it shows an immaturity in Swift that follows throughout the novel, especially in the parts I and II, but is not totally unexpected. However Swift’s satire in Lilliput is seen as almost subtle and difficult to notice because it is so well versed. Hazel Rochman in her work, Review of Gulliver’s Adventures in Lilliput, states, “The satire is gentle, the humor never condescending.” (Rochman) Rochman views the satire in Lilliput in an extremely positive light. Shown through the comical political conquests of the King, Swift effortlessly shows his satirical criticism of the 18th century regime that he lived in. Constantly asking who really possess power he sees the monarchy as a totalitarian system refuting any type of change our fear for them. Swift was very critical of political change in his world and despite desiring the change he saw it as very unlikely, George Orwell was very conscious of this fact once he read Gulliver’s travels. “Orwell expresses admiration for Gulliver 's Travels, but professes…show more content… Showing that the King of Lilliput’s ego is severely inflated because he cares too much for pride and power. “Lilliput and its rival island, Blefuscu, are thought to be Swift 's satiric disguises for England and France, respectively.” (Merriam Webster) In a time of war, Swift uses the empirical rivalries to create a parallel and criticize the behavior of both nations in the on going war. Swift also uses this novel to reveal his analysis the aspects of human nature and its effects on the world around us. Sarah Smedman in her review of Gulliver’s Travels wrote, “Howells recognizes the personal and cultural satire but also “the far more subtle and sanative irony which plays through these most delightful studies of human Nature” ” (Smedman). Howells inadvertently noticed how Swift relieves himself through irony and satire throughout the novel. Swift enjoys showing how human beings can appear so similar despite the difference in circumstances and how alike we are. Swift accesses a familiar experience that every human being has suffered through which was isolation. Gulliver constantly felt alone because he felt he stood out so intensely. There was no one the same as him, akin to Swift with his political and social views he stood out like a sore thumb. Both Gulliver and Swift represent anomalies bearing witness to the evils, that they oppose, surrounding them.
While bringing light