Many people such as Ned Cobb and Barbara Johns rose up against the laws in order to claim the right of equality among all African Americans. Following the end of the Civil War, an effort by the federal government was made to rebuild the economy of the South. This was called the Reconstruction era which took place in the 1970s. When Reconstruction ended in 1877, the Southerners began to p... ... middle of paper ... ...fin speak. Eugene was the presidential candidate of the Prohibition Party (“Race Riots and”).
Leading a revolt, he and five other slaves killed their master and his family. Joined by about sixty other blacks, he led a general revolt. Within days, militiamen suppressed the revolt and Turner was ironically hung in Jerusalem, Virginia. Many took different steps in the fight for equality. Nat Turner, a religious leader among his fellow slaves, become convinced he had been chosen by God to lead his people to freedom.
The Ku Klux Klan At the end of the American civil war in 1866 the Ku Klux Klan formed. It is a white supremacist group that uses violence and intimidation to reassert white domination in the United States. The Klan's attacks have been aimed at African Americans, Jews, Catholics, immigrant and other minority groups. The Ku Klux Klan believes that after the Civil War in America white citizens faced many problems due to the release of African American slaves. They feared that these slaves would rise up and form a revolt against white Americans.
Once the last bullet was fired and the remaining slaves were freed, there arose a problem that was so big that the way the United States responded to it could alter race relations in the country for many years. The once thriving Southern economy under slavery had been completely ripped apart by the scars of war and it was up to the current president and congress to help restore it to its former state of economic prosperity. This period of American history is known as reconstruction and soon after the murder of Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson the vice president was thrust into the spotlight and he architected what is known as Presidential reconstruction. Raised in a relatively poor southern white household, Andrew Johnson developed a prejudice against newly freed African American’s because he saw them as a threat to poor Southern Whites, this was later revealed through his stubbornness in office, his economic policies and the laws he tried to pass in office. Andrew Johnson grew up in a home that was less than ideal for raising a child, born in Raleigh, North Carolina to a Jacob Johnson and Mary McDonough.
The Ku Klux Klan was an organization in Mississippi. The first Ku Klux Klan Flourished in the Southern United States in the late 1868s, and died out by the early 1870s. The third Ku Klux Klan emerged after World War II and was associated with opposing the civil rights movement and progressed among minorities. (Ku Klux Klan.) The KKK were known for racism, violence and classified as a hate group.
The Klan’s first branch in the 19th century was initially organised as a social club by Confederate veterans in Pulaski, Tennessee. Their main objective was to prevent African Americans from voting, through intimidation and violence. During the next two years Klansmen wearing masks, white cardboard hats and draped in white sheets, designed to frighten superstitious blacks and to prevent identification by the occupying federal troops- whipped, tortured and killed African Americans and sympathetic whites in night time raids. Successful black businessmen were attacked and any attempt to form black protection groups such as trade unions was quickly dealt with by the Ku Klux Klan. The Klan reached its peak between 1868 and 1870.
The Ku Klux Klan, commonly referred to as the KKK or simply the Klan, dates back to the immediate days after the civil war according to Carnes Nightriding with the Klan (103). During the early days of their existence white southerners continued to discriminate African Americans even after the civil war. According to Jim Carnes Nightriding with the Klan the members of the organization sought to "preserve southern tradition" (106). When the people of the United States would try to unite racially segregated peoples, the Ku Klux Klan has done nothing but attempt to stop the progress by any means necessary, which even includes violence. Many feared that the KKK was too violent, General Meade was in charge of suppressing their power according to the Memphis Daily Avalanches' article "The Military and the Southern Secret Societies".
Three martyrs that show how Mississippi history has changed from past to present: Emmett Till in 1955, Medgar Evers in 1963, and James Craig Anderson in 2011. Emmett Till was murdered before the civil rights movement gained momentum in Mississippi. Medgar Evers was assassinated in 1963 for his efforts to lead the civil rights movement in Mississippi. Years after the Civil Rights Movement tore down many barriers to equality for Blacks in Mississippi, James Craig Anderson’s murder was a racially motivated hate crime which shows there is still work to be done in Mississippi. Emmett Louise Till: Born July 25, 1941: Murdered August 28, 1955.
Actions that the Klan took were bombing and man-slaughtering (History.com Staff). The KKK also had a hand in the sabotage of the Freedom Riders (Fre14). Looking back on the Civil Rights Movement nowadays, some believe that the KKK actions actually gained support for integration. The Ku Klux Klan was created in 1866 and was embedded into nearly all the American southern states. White southerners used the group as a way to take action against Reconstruction after the American Civil War.
Southern state legislatures soon passed laws designed to maintain black superiority. These laws were known as “black codes,” which limited the newly freed slaves, making them second-class citizens. Angry congressional republicans passed the Reconstruction Act of 1867, defeating these “black codes,” and giving blacks the right to vote. With this jeopardizing whites’ superiority, Klan leaders held a secret meeting in Nashville, Tennessee. At this ti... ... middle of paper ... ...a, the Klan attracts attention by teaching white supremacy and superiority.