Guidelines Of Dietary Needs Comparison

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Myra Ford Final Semester Project Dietary Needs Comparison November 12, 2015 Are you an athlete? Hydrated? Hungry? Healthy? Dieting and exercise are only two components of safe practices in athletics. This writing is a comparison of the position statements/stands of the nutritional needs for different types of athletes based on the recommendations of the National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA), the International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN), and the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). Following the comparison, a detailed overview of the nutritional needs of athletes within each of the following categories will be described: ultra-endurance/endurance, strength/power, and intermittent activities. In doing so, the types of energy systems commonly used for each sport, necessary macronutrients, hydration status, pre-exercise nutrition, nutrition during activity, and post-exercise nutrition will be discussed in detail. The adjustments that should be made based on gender, side effects of unhealthy eating practices/digesting, dietary restriction/weight loss, and vegetarian diets in all athletes will also be included. Finally, the common diets that are often adopted by athletes will be provided with a background, the requirements, the restrictions, and the purported benefits of each including possible advantages and disadvantages for The Zone Diet, Paleo Diet, and Eat Clean Diet. NATA, ISSN, and ACSM each wrote position statements/stands on the required nutritional needs for different types of athletes. NATA provided athletic trainers with recommendations for safe weight loss and maintenance practices in sport and exercise. This research and literature probed on the nutritional need of athletes by providing guidelines ... ... middle of paper ... ...am for athletes was implemented because of the lack of carbohydrates. This implementation to the Paleo Diet allowed for the intake of different foods in order to make up for the deficiency. Tosca Reno created the Eat Clean Diet based on her personal weight loss experience when she lost 200 pounds. Foods that are unprocessed and whole are considered clean foods. She recommends six small meals every day that is comprised of entirely clean foods containing 300-400 calories each. The restrictions include no eating out and giving up all refined carbohydrates including alcohol. The advantages for all athletes is that there will be a balance intake of all food groups and an overall improvement to health and appearance. The disadvantages of the Eat Clean Diet is that it does not have immediate affects to weight loss if the athlete is in a weight-dependent sport. References
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