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Statement of Purpose Telehealth has the potential to transform the health care industry and bring health care to underserved geographical areas and bring medical specialists to areas where providers are limited. Telehealth can reduce the need to transport patients between hospitals, nursing homes, and correctional facilities. The technology can fill the void of available providers, help manage chronic conditions, link patients to providers between visits to ensure patients receive follow up care, and monitor health conditions. This paper examines the domain of telehealth applications and their impact in these areas. The domain of telehealth includes live videoconferencing (synchronous), store-and-forward (asynchronous), remote patient monitoring (RPM), and mobile health (mHealth) applications. Introduction According to the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) (n.d.), telehealth is defined as “the use of electronic information and telecommunications technologies to support long-distance clinical health care, patient and professional health-related education, public health and health administration” (para. 1). Through telecommunication and computer technology, telehealth can be used to treat patients in urban and rural areas that are in a hospital, nursing home or long-term care facility, provider’s office, or home. Gerrity (2013) noted, patients receive treatment through the internet, videoconferencing, image transmission, streaming media, wireless communication, and remote diagnostics on smartphones. In addition, doctors consult with specialists, providers receive medical training, and patients receive education and monitor their own health through telecommunication (p.18). Through these modalities, telehe... ... middle of paper ... ...alth status directly to their provider from the comfort of their own home. Involving patients in the self-management of chronic diseases can greatly improve health outcomes. Mobile technology has been designed to increase healthy behaviors and improve disease management and come in a range of forms and usability. For example, mobile technology includes cell phone, PDAs, smartphones, portable media players such as MP3 players and iPods, hand-held video game consoles, and portable computers such as the iPad. Through mobile technology, patients can receive messages motivating them to quit smoking throughout the day, and those suffering from asthma can access advice as to how to maximize the use of inhalers during an exacerbation period (Free 2013). Motivational messages, monitoring and tools that monitor behavior change are offered through the use of mobile phones.
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