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For groundwater to recharge itself, it would depend on precipitation because it is the main source for creating ground water and it is something out of our control. We experience groundwater depletion due to excessive pumping of an aquifer and this results in degradation of water quality, impacting natural wetlands, and affecting drinking water from contamination, in order to recharge groundwater, we would need to understand what would be impacted, scientific tools to help assist in groundwater sustainability management, and different techniques that we could use to artificially recharge groundwater. Groundwater depletion occurs when we over pump an aquifer causing degradation in water quality. This can impact our drinking water systems, economic stability, and groundwater level tables. Groundwater originates from precipitation from our water cycle and is divided into two different types of groundwater flow; there are shallow groundwater flow and deep groundwater flow.
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Although the increase production of biofuels can further exacerbate already scarce water, sustainable energy produced from biomass has a great potential to use sources of water that are considered unsuitable for consumption. The sustainability of biofuel production through the use of marginal lands can be improved through the use of degraded water resources. Nitrate contaminated ground water, as well as other degraded water resources have the potential to be used for feed stock productivity . This can also lead to the restoration of contaminated water resources. Water is a finite resource that plays an important role in all aspects of human life.
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