Some of the chemicals in the fracking fluid and wastewater have been identified as carcinogens. Many of the other chemicals have been found to be harmful to humans (Environmental). According to Griswold, author of the article “The Fracturing of Pennsylvania,” wastewater is a combination of different chemicals that come from the process of fracking. Not only does this wastewater contain chemicals that were originally used in the drilling, but it also contains harmful substances that come from the earth like salts and other compounds (Griswold). Hundreds of chemicals are used during Marcellus Shale drilling; therefore, the process can cause contamination and pollution.
Septic tanks and cesspools may also pollute the groundwater and neighboring streams. Even the purified process done at sewage plants can cause water pollution if it contains high concentrations of nitrogen and
Nutrient pollution also can cause algae blooms which cause serious environmental problems affecting aquatic ecosystems, and which can cause dangerous health issues for animals and humans. Water pollution caused by sewage is an environmental problem. When sewage pollutes water it can be dangerous especially if it enters people 's source of drinking water as author Woodford states, "It is possible to catch illnesses such as hepatitis, typhoid, and cholera from river and sea water" (4). Chemical and radioactive runoff can be dangerous to humans as well. When water that is contaminated by chemicals is consumed by humans it can lead to sickness, paralysis or even death depending on the kind of chemical polluting the water and the concentration of the pollutant in the water.
1. Industrial waste: Industries produce huge amount of waste which contains toxic chemicals and pollutants which can cause air pollution and damage to us and our environment. They contain pollutants such as lead, mercury, Sulphur, asbestos, nitrates and many other harmful chemicals. Many industries do not have proper waste management system and drain the waste in the fresh water which goes into rivers, canals and later in to sea. The toxic chemicals have the capability to change the color of water, increase the amount of minerals, also known as Eutrophication, change the temperature of water and pose serious hazard to water organisms.
Water pollution is one of the most serious environmental challenges. It occurs when water is contaminated by such substances as human and animal wastes, toxic chemicals, metals and oils. Pollution can affect rain, rivers, lakes, oceans and the water beneath the earth, called ground water. Polluted water may look clean or dirty, but it all contains bacteria, viruses, chemicals or other chemicals than can cause illness or even death. Impurities must be removed before such water can be used safely for drinking, cooking or washing.
Soil pollution, ad the consequences thereof, may also have adverse effects on human communities. Soil pollution, which may infiltrate groundwater acquifers and which is eventually consumed by humans, can have a host of negative impacts on health. One’s health can also be affected by being in contact with soil, and inhalation of vaporized contaminants may occur. Chronic exposure to lead, as well as other metals (like chromium and solvents); some pesticides; herbicides and petroleum increases one’s susceptibility to Cancer. Such exposure can also cause congenital disorders, as well as other health conditions, over the long-term.
Wells used for domestic wastewater disposal (septic systems, cesspools, drainage wells for storm water runoff) are of concern to groundwater quality if they are located close to drinking water wells. Improperly storing or disposing of household chemicals (paints, detergents, solvents, oils, medicines, disinfectants, pool chemicals, pesticides, fertilizers, and batteries) can lead to groundwater contamination. Also, when stored in garages or basements with floor drains, spills or flooding can introduce these contaminants into the groundwater. When these contaminates are thrown into the household trash, these dangerous products will eventually end up in the landfill. Ultimately, these item will contaminate the groundwater because the landfills are not equipped to handle hazardous materials.
Answer: Water conservation is a concern in places ranging from many parts of the region, but the world’s water in the great danger because of leaking plastics and waste. Once rain begins happening, water from the sky begins to pick up germs and other unhygenic materials in the wasteland and garbage dump and seep underground until it gets to a water tank underground. That can cause serious problems to the “clean drinking waters. Groundwater and reservoirs are susceptible to leaking environmental toxins. Most of the litter and pollution affecting the world’s oceans also derives from plastic.
When thought of acid rain, some people may think of green, burning acid falling from the sky, destroying everything in sight. This may be a bit ridiculous and hard to believe, but as absurd as it sound, it is not far from the truth. Acid deposition has long been a subject of debate because of the widespread environ-mental damage it is responsible for. As one of the major results of air pollution, acid rain can corrode metal and limestone structures, leach important minerals, decreased fertility of soils, and lower pH in lakes and ponds. For those who fear "the end of the world," acid rain may pose a threat as it creates a bad environment for both animal and human.
Chemical Water Pollution Many industries and farmers work with chemicals that are dumped into water. These include chemicals that are used to control weeds, insects and pests. Metals and solvents from industries can pollute the sources of water. These chemicals are poisonous to the living organisms in water and may slow their growth, make them sterile and can kill them. 8.