Each superpower, the United States, Britain, France and Russia had their own idea of how postwar Europe should look, and many of their ideas clashed. The Cold War arose not from one isolated event, but from the different ideologies and interests between the Soviet Union and the west. Also the Russian government was seeking revenge on the United States because the United States did not enter the war effort soon enough and that caused for more Russian casualties. After WWII After WWII, Germany was divided into four zones and occupied by Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union. Berlin itself was occupied by the western powers; however, it was surrounded by the Soviet zone.
During World War II, the Chechens and other peoples in neighboring territories collaborated with the invading German army against the Russians. They did this not because they liked the Germans, so much as they hated the Russians and wanted to be free of Russian dominion. As a consequence, Joseph Stalin dissolved the republic and sent the Chechens and people from neighboring republics to exile in deep Siberia, which is forced labor camps, where many were inhumanely killed. As time passes, eventually during the mid-50s, Russia restores these people back to their homelands. So great is the hatred and memories of what the Russians had done to the Chechens that when Russia and Communism finally collapsed the people of Chechnya like many other Republics joyfully declared their independence from ethnic Russia.
4 (2002): 39-69. "Russia." Overview of human rights issues in Russia. Human Rights Watch. 2005. http://www.hrw.org/english/docs/2005/01/13/russia9867.htm (accessed June 30, 2008).
The hostility existing between the Chechen people and Russia, however, predates both the Russian republic and the Soviet Union, going back to the late 18th Century, when Russia’s drive to the South, initiated by Peter the Great in 1722, “led to the incorporation first of the Transcaucasus and only later of the rebellious North Caucasus” (Cornell, 1999). Forced relocations of the Chechens and other peoples have been undertaken at several points in history by the Russian rulers. The deportation of the Chechen, Ingush, Karachai, and Balker peoples took place in three waves between November 1943 and February 1944, during World War II. “The ‘pacification’ was to be final…and the nationalities involved were struck out of all Soviet official documents” (Lieven, 1998, p. 319). This deportation to Central Asi... ... middle of paper ... ..., C. (2002, October 14).
Russia has formulated a unique foreign policy that seems a lot like a push to reunite the old Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. During the last several years, Russian foreign policy has shifted and returned to its imperialistic roots. With Russia’s invasion of Georgia, annexation of Crimea, and push to develop a Eurasian Union their quest to once again become a hegemonic power is in full motion. These actions have undermined the rights of sovereign nations and are forcing the United States into a hard decision. Russia’s foreign policy shift is slowly creating diplomatic, territorial and ethnic issues that could develop into another Cold War.
(“Lašas”). It was spurred when Georgian forces responded to attacks by secessionists i... ... middle of paper ... ...ernational affairs and government, on his take on the result of the Russo-Georgian War, “Russia's actions have distanced the country from Western institutions. But the deeper worry is that the Kremlin and average Russians can now imagine a world in which they do not have to care.” (“King”) Works Cited King, Charles. "The Five-Day War." Foreign Affairs.
She states that resolving the differences would require Russia to participate in international agencies to explain their intentions (... ... middle of paper ... ...rs!” (Document H). The Soviet Union and its Communist nations of Eastern Europe created a rival alliance called the Warsaw Pact. This created a political division of Europe that worsened the Cold War. In response to growing conflict, the US introduced the Marshall Plan to help aid nations with whom they held positive relations with and assist them in infrastructure reconstruction. In conclusion, a post-World War II conflict arose between the United States and Russia as a result of growing distrust between the two opposite nations.
The Collapse of the Autocracy The collapse of the autocracy in February 1917 signified the end product of the interaction of multiple factors relating to both domestic and foreign issues. The traditional historiographical view of a rapid insurrection catching the autocracy by surprise is increasingly called into question - Hasegawa sees the abdication of Nicholas II as the product of disillusionment with the war being translated into popular protest. The experience of 1905 left workers and soldiers more prepared for rebellion and the long - term factor of war accentuated the domestic problems in Russia. The pressure created by the war rendered the autocracy vulnerable, hence the unrest from the 23rd of February onwards had such an impact. It was ultimately however the loss of military discipline and loyalty in Petrograd, coupled with liberals' decisions and autocratic choice, which caused the regime to fall, not as a result of previous unrest, but a fear of what rebellion may be still to come.
Since the fall of the Soviet Union, international politics have shifted from policies once used during the Cold War to the unrest in the Middle East. In a time where global terrorism was thought to be the main threat to modern society, the annexation of the Crimean peninsula by the Russian Federation has reinvigorated Cold War tactics. Located in eastern Ukraine, the Crimean Peninsula harbors a strategic advantage for naval shipping. Because of the unrest and riots erupting in Ukraine due to the disdain of recently ousted President Viktor Yanukovych, the Russian Federation seized control of the Crimean Peninsula and declared part of the Russian Federation. The unrest in the Crimean Peninsula has the potential to plunge global politics into a Cold War era that could last for indeterminate amount of time.
Mid-March, a referendum will allow Crimea to decide whether Crimea will remain with Ukraine or join Russia. Western countries and Ukrainian Prime Minister Yatsenyuk, accuse Russia of declaring war and believe Russia does not have legitimate grounds to take Crimea (CBC, 2014). The first article, “Putin digs in on Crimea as West moves to isolate Russia,” by Mark MacKinnon is a factual news article from The Globe and Mail that portrays a tory conservatism. The news article has a conservative ideology because the coverage justifies Putin’s military involvement using the concept of noblesse oblige. Putin believes a military mission in Ukraine would be ... ... middle of paper ... ... hardens tone as Ukraine weakens.” Windsor Star.