Greek Philosopher: Aristotle

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Aristotle is a historic and global face who in his life made some of the most monumental discoveries and conclusions in many fields. These fields are such as the topics of logic, metaphysics, the law of nature, physics, biology, and even the arts. The theories and methods he came up with were not only thought of and lived by in his days, but are still believed in to this day. His laws within these topics have held up through out the years, and continue to be followed to this day. Not only is he famous for making his own theories, but he is also widely known for disproving previous theories and conclusions that were believed to be true. Aristotle’s thoughts, experiments, and reasoning has changed the modern world as it is known by disproving previous theories and paving the way for science and logic to correctly explain the details of the world.
Aristotle was a man of logic and proof, even considering logic as an equivalent to verbal reasoning. This system of thought obtains to the subject-predicate form being the primary expression of truth in which its properties are shown to inhere in certain substances. In every discipline of human knowledge, we seek to establish the things of some sort have features of a certain kind. Aristotle says, “It is necessary for him, then, to assume not only that ‘being’ has the same meaning, of whatever it is predicated, but further that it means what just is and what is just one” (McKeon 222). By this he is meaning that anything that partakes in being is considered being. The term just is based on or behaving according to what is morally right and fair. The difference in

the two is that just is speaking of right and judged by conscience. Also on the terms of logic, he says that “it is clear then ...

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...g the way for science and logic to correctly explain the details of the world. Aristotle supposed that there must ultimately be some explanation for its present existence and activity. Many generations of Western philosophers, especially those concerned with reconciling Christian doctrine with philosophy, would explicitly defend a similar view. Today, philosophers of various stripes continue to look to Aristotle for guidance and inspiration in many different areas, ranging from the philosophy of mind to theories of the infinite, though perhaps Aristotle's influence is seen most overtly and avowedly in the resurgence of virtue ethics which began in the last half of the twentieth century. His theories involving matter being unable to be created out of thin air and thoughts on metaphysics ruptured previous ideas believed before him and paved the way into modern beliefs.