Great Migration Essay

1143 Words5 Pages
The Great Migration started in 1910 and continued through 1930. It was a period in time which saw 1.6 million African Americans relocate from the southern states to the northern states(AAME). There are four main which contributed to this occurring. The first was better and more skilled job opportunities available in the north. Many blacks were not allowed to work or hold high paying jobs in the South. The second was the oppression of African Americans in the South. They were treated very poorly and were often victims of racism and crime at a much higher rate than in the Northern states. The third was they wanted to have the right to vote. The Jim Crow laws restricted African Americans from basic rights including voting, in the South, while…show more content…
“According to Tuskegee Institute, more than 4,700 people were lynched between 1882 and 1959 in a campaign of terror led by the Ku Klux Klan.”(GlobalSecurity) Lynching is the killing of someone by a mob for a crime without a fair trial.(Websters) However, in the North, there was hardly any lynchings and African Americans could feel safe. Also in the South, hate groups such as the Ku Klux Klan were terrorizing the towns spreading white supremacist propaganda and killing African Americans as they went through.”...during the 1920’s, when its estimated strength was some four or five million members”(GlobalSecurity). With that many members the threat was very real and in most cases in your town. This made it very difficult to be African American and live in the South so therefore millions of African Americans moved…show more content…
In the North, housing for all of the new people was tough. Housing became very hard to come buy and apartments were overcrowded and very unsanitary. Neighborhoods were also turning into areas for one race. On top of living conditions with all of the new workers coming into cities the competition for jobs skyrocketed. However not all changes were bad, without The Great Migration our country would be completely different today. As a result of the segregated neighborhoods the Harlem Renaissance was born which was a literary movement by African Americans from segregated areas. Also, African Americans were able to receive better education, which better equipped them for higher paying jobs. Lastly, they created a more culturally diverse society which led to the eventual equality for
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