Often those who rank in the lower classes usually feel that their problems will be resolved if they gain enough wealth to reach the upper class. This then offers a false connotation that the American Dream is this passage into to high social status and upon reaching that level, you are then able to abandon all economic worries. However, the American Dream involves more than acquiring wealth and a high social status. The dream involves attaining a balance between the spiritual strength and the physical strength of an individual. In the end of this book Jay GatsbyÕs ultimate goal to have Daisy love him never comes to fruition solely because he chooses to pursue his dream by engaging in a lifestyle of high class.
Gatsby was “destined to appear a failure for his visions can be embodied only in the mutable materials of the world” (Mellard858). Fitzgerald uses the life and death of Gatsby to illustrate that the new American dream is unobtainable and that no matter how far a person gets in life the dream of satisfaction through materialism is impossible. Daisy and Tom’s marriage was used to demonstrate that even those who are thought to have reached the American dream really still have no true happiness as they each had to search for it in others. These concepts brought forth by Fitzgerald are not to totally bash the human craving for happiness, but to inform them that the new ideas presented by society that they think will bring them happiness are lies. Thus those who go in search of happiness through materialism will always come up empty handed.
Deceit almost always leads to unhappiness as Daisy, Tom and Gatsby himself illustrated in the course of the novel; they deceived one another and used those around them in order to get what they wanted. But this had grave consequences for each of them. Daisy Buchanan was portrayed as being sophisticated and refined, but in the course of the novel, she was revealed to be anything but someone possessing these admirable qualities. Nick revealed that Daisy did not need her husband, Tom, in the same way that he needed her. She needed Tom not for love, but for his family history of old money.
Fitzgerald is showing how the American Dream is unattainable because even though Gatsby seems to be living the American Dream, he is not since he did not make his money by working hard. In conclusion, through the use of Myrtle, George, and Gatsby, The Great Gatsby attacks the idea of the American Dream to emphasize Fitzgerald’s feelings towards his own society and how no one can truly obtain the dream. This is shown when Myrtle chases the American Dream and ends up dead, George works hard for his money but still does not have anything, and how even though Gatsby seems to be living the American Dream he is unhappy and got there through illegal means. It is not hard work that gets one through life, it is who one knows and what they have.
In The Great Gatsby the main themes were pursuit of happiness, the decline of the American dream, and greed. It portrays the decline of the American dream due to excess of wanting material wealth and never being satisfied. It also shows Gatsby, who despite living the American dream and having every material thing he could ever want he still was not satisfied because he realized that happiness does not come all from material things. On the other hand, Daisy and Tom had no cares in the world and no compassion for any other humans, not even each other. They felt that just because they had money they could do and get away with whatever they pleased.
In some cases this is true, but for every case where this has happened, there is a case for which it has not. For Daisy, Tom, and Gatsby, the American dream has become a way of life; spending recklessly and living an envious life. For Gatsby, the spending on himself is not so much as great as the spending on others, in the hope to find his lost love, Daisy. By no means to Gatsby live a frugal life, but the possessions he has within his house are not as elaborate as one might think them to be. Gatsby started out as a nobody, and that was when he met Daisy.
Gatsby never wins the affections of Daisy, and so his attempts were in va... ... middle of paper ... ...n what their ideology was. The values of the past such as the American dream are changing. If a person works hard they become materialistic. While consumerism is having an impact on the wealthy within story, this shows a contrast with the poor, when Tom and Nick drive in a fancy car to New York they pass through the Valley of Ashes. Here they pass a sign, which is evidence of the advertising that goes along with consumerism.
Gatsby and the other characters of the novel act as mere vessels for the author's true story: the American Dream, once a pure and mighty ideal, has been degraded and buried by the dehumanizing lust for money. Nick Carraway is an outsider to his own story: he is an honest man, an observer who bears witness to the calamity. The Great Gatsby is not, in the final analysis, a eulogy for a man named Jay Gatsby, instead, it serves as a eulogy for the idea of America itself.
That it’s not wealth or a life of leisure that makes a man great, it is his determination and devotion to both his dreams and the people he cares that makes him great. Money does not bring a person happiness, as seen by both Tom and Daisy, who are unhappy and bored with life. Not only does wealth not make one happy, it also causes a person to be very careless when it comes to the feelings of others. This all shows the disillusionment of the American Dream through Gatsby who tries for that which is very materialistic and doesn’t bring any true happiness while ignoring the qualities that prove the real worth of a person.
Her search deludes her into truly thinking she can achieve it. What she does not understand is that “The American Dream is not to be a reality, in that it no longer exists, except in the minds of men… whom it destroys” (Pearson 645). People are born into “The American Dream”. They do not enter it. Myrtle cannot break the barrier because wealth is not the only criteria to join the upper echelons of American society.