Great Britain And The Industrial Revolution

1232 Words5 Pages
What led Great Britain to become the first country to star in the Industrial Revolution, comes down to a complex system of factors, each aspect holds a major role in the contribution in the growth in the Industrial Revolution and of Great Britain. While much is known about the happenings of the Industrial Revolution itself, less is acknowledged about the events that were direct causes of the period. Histories and economist have pointed towards several key factors, each working together like well-oiled machine. First, beginning with the Agricultural Revolution which would increase the production of crops as well and decreasing prices. More food meant more trade. Trade then leads to larger desire for goods and with the need of goods arose new technology. Technology increased the production and efficiency of all factories. With the creation of factories, workers were required to help produce and run machines. The prospect of new work drove people into cities and towns. The Industrial Revolution was a cycle that feed itself, with need came technology and with technology came need and through this process arose advanced society which Great Britain led the world forward. For any civilization to develop, it must not only be able to feed its people but also be affordable and keep up with rising population. Without a stable source of food and or livestock no nation could support an industrial evolution or even standard grows. For preindustrial Europe around eighty percent of the population depend on farming as a means of work furthermore, it meant that most people lived near farmsteads and or far out in the countryside. Few lived in large towns or cities due to the fact that most had been near their farms. The process of farming was a... ... middle of paper ... ... could sell a practical model to factories and other industries and employed a huge workforce to transport, install and maintain the engine (McKay, 2014, pg. 660 p.3). Factories and other industries began understanding and utilizing the enormous potential of the steam engine. As more and more machines were driven by steam engines, coal requirements elevated and wood was no longer used as intensely, in the meanwhile a new mode of transportation was being developed. While Great Britain’s waterways and canals were effective, a new mode of transportation was required. The railroad system began to mobilize. Railroad carried massive amounts of coal and iron (Transportation History). The first steam locomotive was built by Richard Trevithick and would become the workhorse of the Industrial Revolution (Transportation History). The railroad was easy and cheap to build due to
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