Grand Theorists in Nursing: Henderson, Peplau, Levine, Watson
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Nursing theories have been a fundamental tool used to explain, guide and improve the practice of nursing. Theorists have contributed enormously to the growth of nursing as a profession. The four grand theorists I chose are Virginia Henderson, Peplau, Myra Levine and Jean Watson. These theorists have contributed tremendously in the field of nursing through their theories, and research. One thing the theorists have in common is that they are patient centered. They are all concerned on ways we can improve our responsibility to the patients, their families and the environment. They have different ideas but they are all aiming towards achieving the same goal, which is patient satisfaction and safety. Their differences are in their areas of nursing specialization, their definition of nursing and their philosophies of nursing.
Virginia Henderson Hildegard Peplau Myra Levine Jean Watson
THEORY TYPE Need Theorist Interaction Theorist Outcome Theorist Caring Theorist
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND 1921- US Army of Nursing
1932- B.S Columbia University
1934- Masters Columbia University 1931- Diploma from Pottstown
1943- BA from Bennington College
1947- MA in Psychiatric Colombia University New York 1944- Diploma from Cook county School of Nursing
1949- B.S Chicago University
1962- Master’s of Science in Nursing from Wayne state university Detroit
1992- Honorary Doctorate from Loyola University 1961- Lewis Gale school of Nursing in Roanoke Virginia
1964-B S University of Colorado at Boulder
1966- M.S in psychiatric and mental health nursing
1973- Ph. D in educational psychology and counseling
Nine honorary doctoral degrees in six countries.
PHILOSOSOPHY OF NURSING Assistance with 14 daily activities or needs. ( Meleis. P...
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