Grammar Teaching Case Study

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2.1 Historical Background of Grammar Teaching 2.1.1 The Question of Whether to Teach Grammar or Not Grammar teaching has an irreplaceable place in English language teaching because of the fact that without teaching grammar learners cannot learn the system of English language; they may not achieve to express their intentions or meaning of the messages in a well-established communicative activity. It has been seen that throughout the history, the attention of grammar teaching has differed from time to time. In the beginnings of the twentieth century, grammar teaching was considered so essential that other aspects of language were ignored as it was thought that it was necessary to know the grammatical rules in order to communicate appropriately.…show more content…
Grammar translation is a way of studying a language that approaches the language first through detailed analysis of its grammar rules, followed by application of this knowledge to the task of translating sentences and tasks into and out using the target language (Richards & Rodgers, 2001). The focus is given on rote memorization of grammar rules and vocabulary, learning syntactic structures and translation of literary texts. In this method, grammar is taught deductively and a syllabus is followed for teaching grammar in an organized way. However, as the main focus is on learning the grammatical rules, memorizing vocabularies and translation of texts, it neglects the learners’ needs for communication. Accordingly, pronunciation receives almost no attention (Larsen Freeman & Anderson,…show more content…
Grammar is introduced with the use of dialogues which students imitate and repeat. The students induce grammar from the examples and explicit instruction is avoided. Techniques such as dialogue memorization, repetition, backward build-up, chain, substitution, single/ multiple slot substitution drills are mainly used. Students are imitators of the teacher and try to respond to the teacher’s directions as accurately as
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