Grammar Paper

1157 Words5 Pages
“The Claremont Hotel gym on 3rd street is reserved for NFL players playing in the Super Bowl.” When it comes to difficult and complex sentences similar to the preceding one, it is often difficult for me to distinguish whether a prepositional phrase is acting as an adverb or an adjective. In the introductory sentence, it is challenging for me to tell whether the prepositional phrase “in the Super Bowl” acts as an adverb of place for the verb “playing” or as an adjective for the noun phrase “NFL players”. Furthermore, complex sentences can make identify the function of the prepositional phrase even more challenging by adding multiple noun phrases and verb phrases in the subject and predicate of the sentence. In these situations, it is often difficult for me to distinguish whether the prepositional phrase functions as an adjective embedded in a matrix noun phrase or an adverb embedded in a verb phrase. Another example that is difficult for me to understand is the function of a prepositional phrase directly following a noun phrase. “Marco Polo may not have reached China on his Asia trip.” In this sentence, “China” acts as the noun phrase direct object and “on his Asia trip” is the prepositional phrase directly following it. The prepositional phrase is acting as an adverb of place in this sentence, although I could easily confuse it for acting as an adjective describing a noun phrase head. Prepositional phrase, functioning as adjectives and adverbs, are embedded in noun phrases and verb phrases. The key to distinguishing whether a prepositional phrase functions as an adjective or adverb is determining what type of phrase it is embedded in. Prepositional phrases function as adjectives are embedded in matrix noun phrases. ... ... middle of paper ... ... adverb of place. Before summarizing everything that we have learned, we should take note that although “in the Super Bowl” is part of the noun phrase “NFL players playing in the Super Bowl”, it is not directly embedded in that noun phrase and therefore, cannot act as an adjective for the head of that noun phrase. Constituency: Whether a noun phrase is directly embedded in a noun or verb phrase determines if it acts as an adjective or an adverb Summarizing everything we have learned, prepositional phrases directly embedded in a noun phrase function as adjectives describe the noun phrase. These prepositional phrases acting as adjectives derive from relative clauses from which the subject relative pronoun and the verb “be” have been deleted. Prepositional phrases acting as adverbs are directly embedded in the verb phrase and reveals information about the sentence.
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