Brontë’s choice to portray Heathcliff so heinously allows vengeance to overwhelm love as the salient theme of the novel and therefore elucidates the darkest and most destructive motivations of mankind. Heathcliff has both a complex personality with many contrasting traits (fiercely romantic yet sinister) and also the role of a primary character, two qualities that elicit feelings of empathy from a reader. The incredibly realistic depth to his behavior and psyche compels the reader to feel a connection with him. The resentful relationship that the reader finds with such a frightening character as Heathcliff is fueled not only by his intricate characterization but also by his more admirable attributes. His passionate affection--though directed towards Catherine only--and his inexorable dedication to his resentment are such critical elements of the novel that they create a quasi-disguise for Heathcliff, making him a more attractive character.
After listening for quite a while to Lord Henry's views, Dorian begins to change his own to match them, and therefore begins to live a life of immorality. The yellow book is a device that Lord Henry uses to further corrupt and drive Dorian deeper into the pits of sin. Through Lord Henry's influence, the changes in Dorian Gray, and the impact of the yellow book, Oscar Wilde efficiently reveals The Picture of Dorian Gray as a moral book. Lord Wotton sees Dorian as "wonderfully handsome...all of youth's passionate purity," and cannot resist the t... ... middle of paper ... ...self from the influence of this book. Or perhaps...that he never sought to free himself from it."
Evil is usually associated with nothingness and destruction. Augustine believes that if we say that evil is on the same level as good in the world, than we are also saying that being and non-being coexist. This idea is seemingly impossible. Augustine presents an idea in the Handbook on Faith, Hope, and Love, that I found particularly interesting. He
His melancholy gaze looks up and down: skyward toward “this brave o’erhanging firmament” and earthward toward the grave. Those two portraits which he shows to the Queen illustrate man’s potentialities for good and for evil. The scale ascends or descends with the spiritual and carnal aspects of his dual nature; he can aspire to be a godlike Hyperion or else can grovel like a brutal satyr. Hamlet’s existential dilemma echoes the self-interrogations of Montaigne, not merely through the language of John Florio’s translation but in its ambiguous balance between scepticism and faith. (8) Hamlet’s melancholy did not prevent his choosing the more noble of the options available.
Failure to respect God's standards often roots obscurity in recognizing one's own sins. For this reason, Nathaniel Hawthorne attempts to maintain a dark and truthful view of mankind, his romantic historical fiction novel; The Scarlet Letter reveals both the author and man's common struggle to discern the difference between Civil and Natural Law, the means by which they deceive themselves, justify their actions, and seek redemption. Not to mention, the setting impacts the evolution of the plot dramatically as certain bold individuals take on the role of romantic heroes, fighting the Puritan Utopia in both a proper and improper manner. Consequently, a recurring theme is continually developed as transcendentalists view man as inherently good and Hawthorne exposes the reality of man’s wickedness. However, Hawthorne's conflicting views of human nature are clearly evident as he both sympathizes and rebukes the transgressions of the Puritan society though each of four main characters.
It also presents us with the Morality play idea, by using the Good and Evil angels to present Faustus’ inner struggle of good versus evil, which he cannot overcome. Finally, Marlowe has also used the section to convey the traits of the Elizabethan tragic hero – in Faustus’ constant search for achievement, inability to recognise implications and failed plans. Ultimately, I feel the section is significant as it powerfully highlights these characteristics to portray the dangers of Faustus’ exploits, while evoking feelings of fear and tension with the audience towards the tragic climax at the end of the play.
He is faced with a choice stay with God or turn and get more than he could desire. It is this use that is most interesting and appropriate for the time in which it was written. In the 16th century, things were divided between good and evil. Anything that was not in line with the teachings of the church such as Faustus’s use of magic was said to be influenced by evil. Thus, by using his opposing angels, he defines the attitudes and b... ... middle of paper ... ...s of Faustus he lays out the process of decision making while adding a comical yet all too familiar line to the story.
This essay will focus on how Robert Louis Stevenson presents the nature of evil through his novel ‘The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’. Using ideas such as duality, the technique used to highlight the two different sides of a character or scene, allegories, an extended metaphor which has an underlying moral significance, and hypocrisy; in this book the Victorians being against all things evil but regularly taking part in frown able deeds that would not be approved of in a ‘respectable’ society. This links in with the idea of secrecy among people and also that evil is present in everyone. The novel also has strong ties and is heavily influenced by religion. Stevenson, being brought up following strong Calvinist beliefs, portrays his thoughts and opinion throughout the story in his characters; good and evil.
The elements of the “betraying ally” and the “trusted friend” incorporate a sense of the impossibility to escape the corruption of innocence. Authors use these elements in order for readers to connect with these characters in hope of an actual figure of ultimate morals only to pull the rug under the readers’ feet to explain that, even in the world of fiction, there will always be a shadow of sleaze to creep over pleasantry.
A Thin Line Between Illusion and Reality Illusions and reality are vital elements in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby because the novel focuses on an idealistic world that holds the main character, Jay Gatsby, captive. Gatsby believes that he can make his illusions reality through a series of plans. He is blind to the fact that his ultimate plan asks too much of others. The author cleverly chooses his words so readers can understand how resisting reality or living in fantasy can become catastrophic. Several critics elaborate on the obsession Gatsby has with achieving his dream.