The Republican period was the most influential period in their history on modern society. During the Republican period every male citizen enjoyed the privilege of voting (1) on the legislation, (2) on the election of government officials. (Shelton 1988) Although it was a direct democracy at the time it was definitely more of an aristocracy than a democracy due to senators who were part of Rome’s upper-class, who controlled the nature of legislation that reached the assemblies. (Shelton 1988). People were put into three assemblies: the Comitia Centuriata, the Comitia Tributa, and the Concilium Plebis.
Each civilization had a wide variety of differences within the way they managed themselves. These differences included the governmental structure of the city state itself, the social ladder imbedded within the society, and the daily life of the citizens. Athens had a government based within the foundation of the political system known today as a democracy. This is not a direct relationship however, as their system was an example of direct democracy, and not the representational democracy, particularly popular with today’s larger populated nations. The statue “Athena Parthenous”, was a symbol of ancient Athens and its greatness, as it was known to be one of the first Democratic societies, it was introducing a new form of life to the world, one revered by many of its onlookers, and its inhabitance.
The U.S. Government is among the most successful governments known to man currently. The U.S. government is made up of a democracy, but this democracy was not put together on its own. It was first compiled by many other societies but mainly two in particular- the Greek and the Romans. These two historical powerhouses were and still are mainly known for their armies, agriculture, and their governments. These two formed the U.S. government that the world knows and fears and respects today.
Comparing and Contrasting the Political Philosophies of Ancient Greece The city-states of Ancient Greece gave birth to the many different forms of government that are now known by present-day society. It is through the numerous accounts of ancient historians that modern civilizations have learned the lessons of each governmental structure. This essay will discuss the many forms of government introduced by Ancient Greek city-states. Through analyzing the differences and similarities of each political philosophy, a conclusion will be made as to what forms of government were more effective for Ancient Greece, as well as how they apply to modern day government. The most popular form of government created by the Ancient Greeks is that of democracy.
These governments came in different styles such as a monarchy which was led by a king. Another form of government that was seen among the Greeks was aristocracy in which the polis was ruled by a small group of noble, land owning families. One of the more notable polis of ancient Greek was that of Sparta in which they used the oligarchy as there form of government. This type of government is where the people are ruled by a few powerful people. Finally, there was democracy which means “rule of the people” (The Legacy of Ancient Greece and Rome 1-7).
Casey Imelio Influences on the U.S. Government Take Home Test 1. The Roman Republic can be seen as a template for how the United States Government was formed, and still to this day consists of. The First influence that the Romans had on our government was their idea for a republic. They, our country as well, wanted their people to have a vote on who would represent them in government. The U.S. representative type of government was influenced by this.
Athens was located on the Western Europe specifically it’s one of the city on Greece. It was the first birth of democracy and also it was the home of education, that’s included Philosophy, Artists and so many scientists were appeared in Athens. In this city there were so many government came out, but none of them didn’t satisfy what the Athenian people wanted, except one king was called Pericles. He was the first leader who proposed democracy and made Athens glorious by different directions, those were by their military, economy and by other things. The important thing why we learned about Athenian history is their astonishing change in the Western Europe .
Citizens were born with Athenian parents and were the more powerful group. They could take part in the government of Polis. However, Metics were of foreign birth and had to pay taxes and sometimes serve in the army. The social classes only applied to men since women took their statuses from their husbands and were not allowed to take part in public life. The ancient Greeks also had a very sophisticated government.
As opposed to one person being the undisputed king or ruler, the responsibility is split up in a group of educated individuals. However unlike a republic, citizens don’t get to elect these leaders or decide whether or not to keep them in power. While it’s impractical in the majority of today’s societies, aristocracy was an incredibly important stepping stone towards fair government, helping us achieve democracy and other modern policies. Aristocracy has a rich and important history as a revolutionary form of government. It was one of the earliest governments to move power away from a single ruler.
Citizens of Greek cities overthrew their tyrants and set up governments ruled by citizens. Although citizens could speak and vote in democracy, women, slaves, and those born outside the city were excluded. This essay will explain how the Athenians moved toward democracy. It will explain how, unlike before, citizens of Athens participated directly in political decision making. Athens build a democracy with the help of many important men such as Solon and Cleisthenes.